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Majors and Minors for Biology

Biology Major

Consists of a minimum of 44 credit hours of courses in biology, chemistry and mathematics. The following courses are required (38 credits):

BIOL 110 Principles of Biology I
BIOL 111 Principles of Biology II
BIOL 309 Genetics
BIOL 311 Animal Physiology
-or-
BIOL 314 Human Physiology
BIOL 325 Molecular Biology of the Cell
BIOL 350 Ecology
BIOL 430 Evolution
CHEM 161 General Chemistry
CHEM 162 General Chemistry
MATH 130 Survey of Calculus

The remaining 6 credits must come from BIOL courses numbered 300 or higher.

Note that only 3 credits may come from BIOL 460, 490, 491 or 499 and Internship (BIOL 480) cannot be used to meet this requirement.

Majors preparing for graduate study, professional programs or teaching will require additional coursework in organic chemistry, biochemistry and/or physics in order to qualify for entry.

Biology Minor

Consists of 31 credit hours including the following courses:

BIOL 110 Principles of Biology I
BIOL 111 Principles of Biology II
BIOL 309 Genetics
BIOL 325 Molecular Biology of the Cell
BIOL 350 Ecology
CHEM 161 General Chemistry
CHEM 162 General Chemistry
MATH 130 Survey of Calculus

Teacher Certification

Teacher certification for biology consists of completing the major requirements for biology, satisfactory performance on the biology PRAXIS II exam, and completing at least one semester of organic chemistry, chosen from the following:

CHEM 250 Fundamental Organic Chemistry
-or-
CHEM 305 Organic Chemistry I

Students are also encouraged to consider earning certification in earth science due to the high demand for teachers in this area. This can be accomplished with satisfactory performance on the earth science PRAXIS II exam and interested students are encouraged to take CHEM 102 or GEOL 130 as preparation. Refer to the education department listing for additional certification requirements.

Articulation Programs

The department has pursued articulation programs with other institutions in other fields as well. These include veterinary science with Virginia Tech, physical therapy with Shenandoah University, and nursing with Vanderbilt University. The department also articulates mentored internships with numerous local and regional governmental agencies, clinics, industries and research labs. Biology majors have interned with the Virginia Commission of Game and Inland Fisheries, the Wildlife Center of Virginia, the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, West Virginia State University research labs, local hospitals, industries and veterinary clinics.