Biology | College Catalog

Majors

Biology

  • General Biology
  • Pre-Health Sciences
  • Ecology

Minors

Biology

Emphases

Wildlife Biology

Concentrations

Social Sciences for Health Professionals

Pre-Professional Programs

Dentistry
Medicine
Veterinary Medicine

Dual Degree Programs

Clinical Laboratory Sciences—Sentara RMH and Augusta Health
Nursing—Vanderbilt University
Physical Therapy—Shenandoah University
Veterinary Medicine—Virginia Tech

The Department of Biology is one of Bridgewater’s largest. The department, which occupies all of the first floor of the McKinney Center for Science and Mathematics, contains six major teaching laboratories, six mini-labs for faculty and student research, along with offices and classrooms. The department offers introductory and advanced courses that prepare majors either for immediate employment or post-baccalaureate studies at graduate or professional schools. All Bridgewater students must take at least one biology course; many take two or three.

The Department of Biology provides excellent academic preparation and assistance for students seeking entry into graduate or professional programs (medical, dentistry, veterinary, physician’s assistant, nursing, physical therapy). It sponsors a Pre-Med Society, which along with faculty advisors, helps students navigate admission requirements for medical and veterinary schools. Qualified students can apply to articulated dual degree programs with professional schools in clinical laboratory sciences, nursing, physical therapy and veterinary medicine. The department also articulates mentored internships with numerous local and regional governmental agencies, clinics, industries and research labs. Biology majors have interned with the Virginia Commission of Game and Inland Fisheries, the Wildlife Center of Virginia, the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, West Virginia State University research labs, the Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, local hospitals, industries and veterinary clinics.

Rapidly expanding knowledge in cell biology, molecular genetics and ecology assures bright futures for well-prepared biologists. With a baccalaureate degree, recent graduates have gained employment as life science teachers; laboratory technicians in industry, allied health, and government; environmental and conservation professionals; health officers; caseworkers; naturalists; and pharmaceutical salespersons. With graduate or professional degrees, Bridgewater alumni have become successful physicians, research scientists, veterinarians, medical technologists, environmental lawyers, dentists, physical therapists, genetic counselors and forestry and wildlife specialists.

Biology Major

Consists of a minimum of 43 credit hours of courses in biology, chemistry and mathematics. Students choose one of three tracks: General Biology, Pre-Health Sciences, or Ecology. The following core courses are required for each track, consisting of 26 credits:

Introduction to the biological sciences covering biological chemistry celltissue structure and function genetics and microevolution. Intended for biology health and human sciences and environmental science majors. Three lectures and one lab per week. Corequisites
Real numbers exponents radicals and algebraic operations with polynomial and rational functions. Solving equations and graphing expressions involving polynomial and rational functions and exponential and logarithmic functions. Credit may not be received for both MATH 118 and 110. General education master core skill 2016 Summer Session I offered as an online course

Unit(s): 3
or
This course is designed to provide development of basic computational skills and introductory algebra concepts like solutions of single variable equations. It will also cover some introductory statistics and probability concepts. Problem solving will be emphasized. The course will contain at least one project that requires students to make extensive use of spreadsheet software like Excel. General Education Master Core Skill

Unit(s): 3
Biology and environmental science majors should take
Real numbers exponents radicals and algebraic operations with polynomial and rational functions. Solving equations and graphing expressions involving polynomial and rational functions and exponential and logarithmic functions. Credit may not be received for both MATH 118 and 110. General education master core skill 2016 Summer Session I offered as an online course

Unit(s): 3
. Other students should consult with their advisor about which course to take. General Education natural and physical sciences

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the biological sciences covering macroevolution (systematic taxonomy phylogenetics) ecology and biodiversity. Intended for biology and environmental science majors. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 110

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the basic physical and chemical functions necessary for animal life. Topics include basic physiological functions (membrane physiology action potential generationpropagation muscle contraction) and complex physiological activities (osmoregulation and water balance thermoregulation metabolism neurophysiology neural and endocrine control of organ systems and behavior) in both invertebrate and vertebrate animals. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 Credit may not be received for both BIOL 311 and 314

Unit(s): 4

Examination of the mechanisms of biological evolution including mutation natural selection genetic drift nonrandom mating the genetic structure of species populations the origin of new species and DNA evidence regarding relationships among species and higher taxa. Prerequisites BIOL-309
Differential and integral calculus for the student who needs a working knowledge of the subject but does not plan to pursue more advanced study in mathematics. Includes theory and application of limits derivatives and integrals. Prerequisite MATH 120 or satisfactory performance on placement test Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and MATH 131

Unit(s): 3
and senior standing or permission of instructor

Unit(s): 3

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118 General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 161 or permission of the instructor General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

Differential and integral calculus for the student who needs a working knowledge of the subject but does not plan to pursue more advanced study in mathematics. Includes theory and application of limits derivatives and integrals. Prerequisite MATH 120 or satisfactory performance on placement test Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and MATH 131

Unit(s): 3

The remaining credits come from the tracks as follows—students choose one:

Track 1-General Biology

Consists of 17 to 20 credits chosen from the following:

Cell Biology/Physiology (1 course)

Introduction to the basic physical and chemical functions necessary for animal life. Topics include basic physiological functions (membrane physiology action potential generationpropagation muscle contraction) and complex physiological activities (osmoregulation and water balance thermoregulation metabolism neurophysiology neural and endocrine control of organ systems and behavior) in both invertebrate and vertebrate animals. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 Credit may not be received for both BIOL 311 and 314

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the physiology of the human body including the physiology of enzymes and membranes tissue physiology (nervous muscular) and a detailed survey of the physiology of the major organ systems. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 or BIOL 110 and 305 Credit may not be received for both BIOL 311 and 314

Unit(s): 4

The molecular basis of cell structure and function. Topics include the chemistry architecture and analysis of macromolecules overview of thermodynamics and metabolism enzymology genetic processes and controls recombinant DNA technology and cell signaling mechanisms. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and CHEM 161 or permission of instructor Credit may not be received for both BIOL-216 and BIOL-325

Unit(s): 4

Ecology (1 course)

Analysis of the distribution and abundance of organisms population growth and regulation and species interactions as well as community and ecosystem processes. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and MATH 130 2016 Summer Session I Begins 5-23-16

Unit(s): 4

Field-based study of what effects winter temperatures have on local flora and fauna and how they cope during these cold months. The potential impact of global warming on these seasonally dependent systems is addressed. Students learn how to identify plants in their winter state and make observations of what animals are active. Prerequisites BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 3

BIOL/
An exploration of how microorganisms interact with their environment and the implications of these interactions for humans. Specific topics will include antibiotic resistance biodegradation biodiversity biofuels bioremediation extreme environments geochemical cycles methods for sampling culture and analysis of environmental microorganisms microbiology of air water and soil environmental pathogens and microbiological treatment of sewage and water. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 309 or ENVRCHEM 320 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

BIOL/
An introduction to aquatic ecosystems (lakes ponds streams and wetlands). Students will learn about the major chemical and physical processes that determine the function of freshwater systems. Students will be introduced to the major groups of aquatic organisms (algae vascular plants invertebrates and fish). Includes strong emphasis on the impacts that humans have on freshwater systems. The lab will introduce the basic skills necessary for the study and management of fresh waters. Prerequisite ENVRBIOL 301 or BIOL 350 or permission of the instructor Alternate years offered 2015-2016

Unit(s): 4

Organismal Biology (1 course)

Explores the anatomy physiology ecology and behaviors that have produced an extraordinary biodiversity of bird species. The major groups of modern birds are introduced and their origin and ecology are examined. Students learn to recognize local species in the field and examine them in the lab using the ornithology collections. Suitable for both biology majors and non-majors. Prerequisites BIOL 100 or 110 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to developmental biology with a focus on its fundamental aspects embryogenesis growth cellular differentiation and morphogenesis. The study of theory is supplemented with hands-on observations of early development in animal embryos (salamander andor mouse or other animals). We also consider the impact of recent advances in developmental biology on our society by exploring the ethical moral and religious implications as well as the legal issues that inevitably arise from work in this field. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and one additional BIOL course numbered 200 or above Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

An introduction to the study of amphibians and reptiles. Lectures will focus on the origin and evolution of amphibians and reptiles and on their biology ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy anatomy species identification and common field techniques used to study these groups. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

A comprehensive survey of mammals. Lectures will focus on phylogenetics the origin and evolution of mammals and their biology ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy species identification and common field techniques used to study mammals. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

A comprehensive survey of the plant kingdom that will include topics ranging from plant anatomy physiology diversity and ecology. Students interested in ecology forestry and wildlife biology will find this course particularly useful. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Introductory survey of microbiology with an emphasis on bacteriology. The lecture component covers the structure nutrition metabolism and genetics of microbes medical microbiology diagnostic techniques microbial ecology and industrial microbiology. The lab component includes biological safety microscopy culture techniques media staining identification of unknown bacteria and an independent research project. Two lectures and two labs per week. Prerequisites BIOL 309 or permission of instructor BIOL 325 recommended

Unit(s): 4

Exploration of major human pathogens including viruses bacteria fungi protozoa and helminths. Topics include host-parasite interactions host defenses pathogenic mechanisms control of microorganisms diagnosis and identification of infectious agents antibiotic therapy disease transmission and epidemiology. Class activities include discussion of medical case studies literature analysis identification of unknowns and field trips. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite BIOL-309 or permission of instructor
The molecular basis of cell structure and function. Topics include the chemistry architecture and analysis of macromolecules overview of thermodynamics and metabolism enzymology genetic processes and controls recombinant DNA technology and cell signaling mechanisms. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and CHEM 161 or permission of instructor Credit may not be received for both BIOL-216 and BIOL-325

Unit(s): 4
and
Introductory survey of microbiology with an emphasis on bacteriology. The lecture component covers the structure nutrition metabolism and genetics of microbes medical microbiology diagnostic techniques microbial ecology and industrial microbiology. The lab component includes biological safety microscopy culture techniques media staining identification of unknown bacteria and an independent research project. Two lectures and two labs per week. Prerequisites BIOL 309 or permission of instructor BIOL 325 recommended

Unit(s): 4
strongly recommended)

Unit(s): 4

Broad survey of the diversity and classification of vascular plants. Students will learn to recognize common and important plant families as well as learn to identify local taxa. Traditional and modern methods of taxonomy and systematics are presented. Prerequisite BIOL 111 BIOL 430 recommended Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

BIOL/
A survey of diversity of fish (with an emphasis on freshwater fish of North America). Topics will include taxonomy anatomy physiology behavior and ecology. There will be special emphasis on management of fish populations and diversity in the face of environmental threats including pollution habitat alteration overharvest and invasive species. Lab will include basic ecology and behavior but will focus heavily on common fisheries techniques. Prerequisite ENVRBIOL 301 or BIOL 350 or permission of the instructor Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the theoretical framework and the methodology of animal behavior research. Students examine the causation development current function and evolutionary history of behavior of invertebrates and vertebrates. Integrates concepts and principles from multiple disciplines to understand behaviors such as foraging and predation mating systems communication parental care social hierarchies and territoriality. Students also review the history of the field of animal behavior and the contributions that animal behavior research can make to applied disciplines such as environmental conservation biomedical research and human psychology. Prerequisites Any one of the following BIOL 311 314 or 350 PSY 210 or permission of the instructor Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

And 2 elective BIOL courses numbered 300 or higher

Track 2-Pre-Health Sciences

Consists of 18 to 20 credits chosen from the following:

Cell Biology (1 course)

The molecular basis of cell structure and function. Topics include the chemistry architecture and analysis of macromolecules overview of thermodynamics and metabolism enzymology genetic processes and controls recombinant DNA technology and cell signaling mechanisms. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and CHEM 161 or permission of instructor Credit may not be received for both BIOL-216 and BIOL-325

Unit(s): 4

Physiology (1 course)

Introduction to the basic physical and chemical functions necessary for animal life. Topics include basic physiological functions (membrane physiology action potential generationpropagation muscle contraction) and complex physiological activities (osmoregulation and water balance thermoregulation metabolism neurophysiology neural and endocrine control of organ systems and behavior) in both invertebrate and vertebrate animals. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 Credit may not be received for both BIOL 311 and 314

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the physiology of the human body including the physiology of enzymes and membranes tissue physiology (nervous muscular) and a detailed survey of the physiology of the major organ systems. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 or BIOL 110 and 305 Credit may not be received for both BIOL 311 and 314

Unit(s): 4

Ecology (1 course)

Analysis of the distribution and abundance of organisms population growth and regulation and species interactions as well as community and ecosystem processes. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and MATH 130 2016 Summer Session I Begins 5-23-16

Unit(s): 4

BIOL/
An exploration of how microorganisms interact with their environment and the implications of these interactions for humans. Specific topics will include antibiotic resistance biodegradation biodiversity biofuels bioremediation extreme environments geochemical cycles methods for sampling culture and analysis of environmental microorganisms microbiology of air water and soil environmental pathogens and microbiological treatment of sewage and water. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 309 or ENVRCHEM 320 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

Organismal Biology (1 course)

Introduction to developmental biology with a focus on its fundamental aspects embryogenesis growth cellular differentiation and morphogenesis. The study of theory is supplemented with hands-on observations of early development in animal embryos (salamander andor mouse or other animals). We also consider the impact of recent advances in developmental biology on our society by exploring the ethical moral and religious implications as well as the legal issues that inevitably arise from work in this field. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and one additional BIOL course numbered 200 or above Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

A comprehensive survey of mammals. Lectures will focus on phylogenetics the origin and evolution of mammals and their biology ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy species identification and common field techniques used to study mammals. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

Introductory survey of microbiology with an emphasis on bacteriology. The lecture component covers the structure nutrition metabolism and genetics of microbes medical microbiology diagnostic techniques microbial ecology and industrial microbiology. The lab component includes biological safety microscopy culture techniques media staining identification of unknown bacteria and an independent research project. Two lectures and two labs per week. Prerequisites BIOL 309 or permission of instructor BIOL 325 recommended

Unit(s): 4

Exploration of major human pathogens including viruses bacteria fungi protozoa and helminths. Topics include host-parasite interactions host defenses pathogenic mechanisms control of microorganisms diagnosis and identification of infectious agents antibiotic therapy disease transmission and epidemiology. Class activities include discussion of medical case studies literature analysis identification of unknowns and field trips. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite BIOL-309 or permission of instructor
The molecular basis of cell structure and function. Topics include the chemistry architecture and analysis of macromolecules overview of thermodynamics and metabolism enzymology genetic processes and controls recombinant DNA technology and cell signaling mechanisms. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and CHEM 161 or permission of instructor Credit may not be received for both BIOL-216 and BIOL-325

Unit(s): 4
and
Introductory survey of microbiology with an emphasis on bacteriology. The lecture component covers the structure nutrition metabolism and genetics of microbes medical microbiology diagnostic techniques microbial ecology and industrial microbiology. The lab component includes biological safety microscopy culture techniques media staining identification of unknown bacteria and an independent research project. Two lectures and two labs per week. Prerequisites BIOL 309 or permission of instructor BIOL 325 recommended

Unit(s): 4
strongly recommended)

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the theoretical framework and the methodology of animal behavior research. Students examine the causation development current function and evolutionary history of behavior of invertebrates and vertebrates. Integrates concepts and principles from multiple disciplines to understand behaviors such as foraging and predation mating systems communication parental care social hierarchies and territoriality. Students also review the history of the field of animal behavior and the contributions that animal behavior research can make to applied disciplines such as environmental conservation biomedical research and human psychology. Prerequisites Any one of the following BIOL 311 314 or 350 PSY 210 or permission of the instructor Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

Pre-Health (1 elective)

Introduction to the structure and function of the human body examining the skeletal muscular circulatory nervous digestive respiratory urinary and reproductive systems. Lecture focuses on topics of physiologyfunction histology and their relation to anatomical structure while the lab focuses on descriptive anatomy. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 110 or permission of instructor 2016 Summer Session I Begins 5-23-16

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to nutrition and digestion in domestic animals designed primarily for students in the pre-veterinary program. Topics include major nutrient classes and their functions in the body feed classification and chemical analysis feed processing and nutrient requirements. Prerequisites BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 3

Development of immune responses through humoral and cell-mediated mechanisms transplantation and tumor immunology hypersensitivity reactions autoimmunity and serology. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 325 or permission of instructor Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Comparative study of the major organ systems in vertebrate animals. Lectures examine topics such as the origin and adaptive evolution of vertebrate anatomy and the systematic relationships between vertebrate groups. The lab provides a detailed examination of vertebrate anatomy. Two lectures and two labs per week. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

BIOL/
Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes including carbohydrates proteins lipids and nucleic acids along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite
Overview of the functional groups and reactivity of organic molecules using biological examples. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 125 or 162 Credit may not be received for both CHEM 250 and 305

Unit(s): 4
or CHEM-306310

Unit(s): 3

-or-
BIOL/
Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes including carbohydrates proteins lipids and nucleic acids along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite
Overview of the functional groups and reactivity of organic molecules using biological examples. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 125 or 162 Credit may not be received for both CHEM 250 and 305

Unit(s): 4
or CHEM-306310

Unit(s): 4

BIOL/
A continuation of the topics covered in Biochemistry I with special attention paid to the classic chemical reactions at work in biological systems. The intersection of biochemical principles with such applications as drug discovery and computational modeling will be emphasized as a mechanism for understanding the fundamental relationship between structure and function. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite BIOLCHEM-355 or 356

Unit(s): 3

Track 3-Ecology

Consists of 17 to 20 credits chosen from the following:

Cell Biology/Physiology (1 course)

Introduction to the basic physical and chemical functions necessary for animal life. Topics include basic physiological functions (membrane physiology action potential generationpropagation muscle contraction) and complex physiological activities (osmoregulation and water balance thermoregulation metabolism neurophysiology neural and endocrine control of organ systems and behavior) in both invertebrate and vertebrate animals. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 Credit may not be received for both BIOL 311 and 314

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the physiology of the human body including the physiology of enzymes and membranes tissue physiology (nervous muscular) and a detailed survey of the physiology of the major organ systems. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 or BIOL 110 and 305 Credit may not be received for both BIOL 311 and 314

Unit(s): 4

The molecular basis of cell structure and function. Topics include the chemistry architecture and analysis of macromolecules overview of thermodynamics and metabolism enzymology genetic processes and controls recombinant DNA technology and cell signaling mechanisms. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and CHEM 161 or permission of instructor Credit may not be received for both BIOL-216 and BIOL-325

Unit(s): 4

Ecology (1 course)

Analysis of the distribution and abundance of organisms population growth and regulation and species interactions as well as community and ecosystem processes. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and MATH 130 2016 Summer Session I Begins 5-23-16

Unit(s): 4

Organismal Biology (1 course)

Explores the anatomy physiology ecology and behaviors that have produced an extraordinary biodiversity of bird species. The major groups of modern birds are introduced and their origin and ecology are examined. Students learn to recognize local species in the field and examine them in the lab using the ornithology collections. Suitable for both biology majors and non-majors. Prerequisites BIOL 100 or 110 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

An introduction to the study of amphibians and reptiles. Lectures will focus on the origin and evolution of amphibians and reptiles and on their biology ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy anatomy species identification and common field techniques used to study these groups. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

A comprehensive survey of mammals. Lectures will focus on phylogenetics the origin and evolution of mammals and their biology ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy species identification and common field techniques used to study mammals. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

A comprehensive survey of the plant kingdom that will include topics ranging from plant anatomy physiology diversity and ecology. Students interested in ecology forestry and wildlife biology will find this course particularly useful. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Introductory survey of microbiology with an emphasis on bacteriology. The lecture component covers the structure nutrition metabolism and genetics of microbes medical microbiology diagnostic techniques microbial ecology and industrial microbiology. The lab component includes biological safety microscopy culture techniques media staining identification of unknown bacteria and an independent research project. Two lectures and two labs per week. Prerequisites BIOL 309 or permission of instructor BIOL 325 recommended

Unit(s): 4

Exploration of major human pathogens including viruses bacteria fungi protozoa and helminths. Topics include host-parasite interactions host defenses pathogenic mechanisms control of microorganisms diagnosis and identification of infectious agents antibiotic therapy disease transmission and epidemiology. Class activities include discussion of medical case studies literature analysis identification of unknowns and field trips. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite BIOL-309 or permission of instructor
The molecular basis of cell structure and function. Topics include the chemistry architecture and analysis of macromolecules overview of thermodynamics and metabolism enzymology genetic processes and controls recombinant DNA technology and cell signaling mechanisms. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and CHEM 161 or permission of instructor Credit may not be received for both BIOL-216 and BIOL-325

Unit(s): 4
and
Introductory survey of microbiology with an emphasis on bacteriology. The lecture component covers the structure nutrition metabolism and genetics of microbes medical microbiology diagnostic techniques microbial ecology and industrial microbiology. The lab component includes biological safety microscopy culture techniques media staining identification of unknown bacteria and an independent research project. Two lectures and two labs per week. Prerequisites BIOL 309 or permission of instructor BIOL 325 recommended

Unit(s): 4
strongly recommended)

Unit(s): 4

Broad survey of the diversity and classification of vascular plants. Students will learn to recognize common and important plant families as well as learn to identify local taxa. Traditional and modern methods of taxonomy and systematics are presented. Prerequisite BIOL 111 BIOL 430 recommended Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

BIOL/
A survey of diversity of fish (with an emphasis on freshwater fish of North America). Topics will include taxonomy anatomy physiology behavior and ecology. There will be special emphasis on management of fish populations and diversity in the face of environmental threats including pollution habitat alteration overharvest and invasive species. Lab will include basic ecology and behavior but will focus heavily on common fisheries techniques. Prerequisite ENVRBIOL 301 or BIOL 350 or permission of the instructor Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the theoretical framework and the methodology of animal behavior research. Students examine the causation development current function and evolutionary history of behavior of invertebrates and vertebrates. Integrates concepts and principles from multiple disciplines to understand behaviors such as foraging and predation mating systems communication parental care social hierarchies and territoriality. Students also review the history of the field of animal behavior and the contributions that animal behavior research can make to applied disciplines such as environmental conservation biomedical research and human psychology. Prerequisites Any one of the following BIOL 311 314 or 350 PSY 210 or permission of the instructor Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

Ecology and Organismal Biology (1 course)

Explores the anatomy physiology ecology and behaviors that have produced an extraordinary biodiversity of bird species. The major groups of modern birds are introduced and their origin and ecology are examined. Students learn to recognize local species in the field and examine them in the lab using the ornithology collections. Suitable for both biology majors and non-majors. Prerequisites BIOL 100 or 110 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to developmental biology with a focus on its fundamental aspects embryogenesis growth cellular differentiation and morphogenesis. The study of theory is supplemented with hands-on observations of early development in animal embryos (salamander andor mouse or other animals). We also consider the impact of recent advances in developmental biology on our society by exploring the ethical moral and religious implications as well as the legal issues that inevitably arise from work in this field. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and one additional BIOL course numbered 200 or above Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

An introduction to the study of amphibians and reptiles. Lectures will focus on the origin and evolution of amphibians and reptiles and on their biology ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy anatomy species identification and common field techniques used to study these groups. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

A comprehensive survey of mammals. Lectures will focus on phylogenetics the origin and evolution of mammals and their biology ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy species identification and common field techniques used to study mammals. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

A comprehensive survey of the plant kingdom that will include topics ranging from plant anatomy physiology diversity and ecology. Students interested in ecology forestry and wildlife biology will find this course particularly useful. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Field-based study of what effects winter temperatures have on local flora and fauna and how they cope during these cold months. The potential impact of global warming on these seasonally dependent systems is addressed. Students learn how to identify plants in their winter state and make observations of what animals are active. Prerequisites BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 3

Introductory survey of microbiology with an emphasis on bacteriology. The lecture component covers the structure nutrition metabolism and genetics of microbes medical microbiology diagnostic techniques microbial ecology and industrial microbiology. The lab component includes biological safety microscopy culture techniques media staining identification of unknown bacteria and an independent research project. Two lectures and two labs per week. Prerequisites BIOL 309 or permission of instructor BIOL 325 recommended

Unit(s): 4

BIOL/
An exploration of how microorganisms interact with their environment and the implications of these interactions for humans. Specific topics will include antibiotic resistance biodegradation biodiversity biofuels bioremediation extreme environments geochemical cycles methods for sampling culture and analysis of environmental microorganisms microbiology of air water and soil environmental pathogens and microbiological treatment of sewage and water. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 309 or ENVRCHEM 320 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

Exploration of major human pathogens including viruses bacteria fungi protozoa and helminths. Topics include host-parasite interactions host defenses pathogenic mechanisms control of microorganisms diagnosis and identification of infectious agents antibiotic therapy disease transmission and epidemiology. Class activities include discussion of medical case studies literature analysis identification of unknowns and field trips. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite BIOL-309 or permission of instructor
The molecular basis of cell structure and function. Topics include the chemistry architecture and analysis of macromolecules overview of thermodynamics and metabolism enzymology genetic processes and controls recombinant DNA technology and cell signaling mechanisms. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and CHEM 161 or permission of instructor Credit may not be received for both BIOL-216 and BIOL-325

Unit(s): 4
and
Introductory survey of microbiology with an emphasis on bacteriology. The lecture component covers the structure nutrition metabolism and genetics of microbes medical microbiology diagnostic techniques microbial ecology and industrial microbiology. The lab component includes biological safety microscopy culture techniques media staining identification of unknown bacteria and an independent research project. Two lectures and two labs per week. Prerequisites BIOL 309 or permission of instructor BIOL 325 recommended

Unit(s): 4
strongly recommended)

Unit(s): 4

Broad survey of the diversity and classification of vascular plants. Students will learn to recognize common and important plant families as well as learn to identify local taxa. Traditional and modern methods of taxonomy and systematics are presented. Prerequisite BIOL 111 BIOL 430 recommended Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

BIOL/
A survey of diversity of fish (with an emphasis on freshwater fish of North America). Topics will include taxonomy anatomy physiology behavior and ecology. There will be special emphasis on management of fish populations and diversity in the face of environmental threats including pollution habitat alteration overharvest and invasive species. Lab will include basic ecology and behavior but will focus heavily on common fisheries techniques. Prerequisite ENVRBIOL 301 or BIOL 350 or permission of the instructor Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

BIOL/
An introduction to aquatic ecosystems (lakes ponds streams and wetlands). Students will learn about the major chemical and physical processes that determine the function of freshwater systems. Students will be introduced to the major groups of aquatic organisms (algae vascular plants invertebrates and fish). Includes strong emphasis on the impacts that humans have on freshwater systems. The lab will introduce the basic skills necessary for the study and management of fresh waters. Prerequisite ENVRBIOL 301 or BIOL 350 or permission of the instructor Alternate years offered 2015-2016

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the theoretical framework and the methodology of animal behavior research. Students examine the causation development current function and evolutionary history of behavior of invertebrates and vertebrates. Integrates concepts and principles from multiple disciplines to understand behaviors such as foraging and predation mating systems communication parental care social hierarchies and territoriality. Students also review the history of the field of animal behavior and the contributions that animal behavior research can make to applied disciplines such as environmental conservation biomedical research and human psychology. Prerequisites Any one of the following BIOL 311 314 or 350 PSY 210 or permission of the instructor Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

And 1 Environmental Science course numbered 300 or higher, listed as BIOL/ENVR (3-4 credits)

For the elective BIOL or ENVR courses in the tracks, only 3 credits may be chosen from BIOL or ENVR 460, 490, 491 or 499, and Internship (BIOL or ENVR 480) cannot be used to meet this requirement.

Biology Minor

Consists of 21-24 credit hours including the following courses:

Introduction to the biological sciences covering biological chemistry celltissue structure and function genetics and microevolution. Intended for biology health and human sciences and environmental science majors. Three lectures and one lab per week. Corequisites
Real numbers exponents radicals and algebraic operations with polynomial and rational functions. Solving equations and graphing expressions involving polynomial and rational functions and exponential and logarithmic functions. Credit may not be received for both MATH 118 and 110. General education master core skill 2016 Summer Session I offered as an online course

Unit(s): 3
or
This course is designed to provide development of basic computational skills and introductory algebra concepts like solutions of single variable equations. It will also cover some introductory statistics and probability concepts. Problem solving will be emphasized. The course will contain at least one project that requires students to make extensive use of spreadsheet software like Excel. General Education Master Core Skill

Unit(s): 3
Biology and environmental science majors should take
Real numbers exponents radicals and algebraic operations with polynomial and rational functions. Solving equations and graphing expressions involving polynomial and rational functions and exponential and logarithmic functions. Credit may not be received for both MATH 118 and 110. General education master core skill 2016 Summer Session I offered as an online course

Unit(s): 3
. Other students should consult with their advisor about which course to take. General Education natural and physical sciences

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the biological sciences covering macroevolution (systematic taxonomy phylogenetics) ecology and biodiversity. Intended for biology and environmental science majors. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 110

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to both classical Mendelian inheritance and molecular genetics with one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 or permission of instructor CHEM 161 recommended
Application of genetics to the human population including familial genetics cytogenetics population genetics medical genetics genetic counseling pedigree analysis the human genome bioinformatics DNA fingerprinting gene therapy and therapeutic cloning. The latest advances in this dynamic field are explored. Prerequisites BIOL 100 101 or 110 Alternate years offered 2016-2017 Credit may not be received for both BIOL 216 and 309 or 325

Unit(s): 3
may not be substituted for BIOL-309

Unit(s): 4

And 3 additional 300-400 level BIOL elective courses
For the elective BIOL courses, only 3 credits may be chosen from BIOL 460, BIOL 490, BIOL 491 or BIOL 499, and Internship (BIOL 480) cannot be used to meet this requirement.

Wildlife Biology Emphasis

The Wildlife Biology emphasis allows students wanting the breadth of the biology or environmental science major to also focus in areas of wildlife biology and management. In this program, students will take 11–17 additional credits on top of their major to specialize in wildlife. The program offers directed study in wildlife management and techniques, botany, zoology, and policy and ethics. This program along with the biology or environmental science major and the general education requirements will support students wishing to pursue careers with state and federal agencies, graduate degree programs in wildlife biology, as well as those who wish to pursue Wildlife Biologist Certification through the Wildlife Society.

Consists of 23 credits. Biology majors may overlap two courses with their major electives and Environmental Science majors may overlap three courses with their major electives. The requirements are as follows:

Wildlife Management and Techniques
Environmental Science majors take one course; Biology majors take two courses:

Ecology and management of forest lands and their animal populations including principles and policy in support of diverse goals such as preservation of wilderness management for harvest parks and recreation and habitat recovery. Effects of geology soils water and climate on habitat quality and management implications. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites PDP 150 or 350 ENG 110 and BIOL 111 or permission of instructor Alternate years offered 2016-2017 General education Writing Intensive

Unit(s): 4

ENVR/
Field-based course providing a broad overview of techniques and concepts involved in field biology (especially ecology) including basic scientific method and a variety of sampling techniques. Course content also has a strong emphasis on basic natural history as students learn about and experience a wide variety of organisms (e.g. plant fungi insects fish amphibians and mammals) ecosystems (e.g. forests grasslands wetlands ponds and streams) and ecological interactions. Students will also discuss techniques for interpretingteaching these biological concepts to others. Prerequisites BIOL 111 or permission of instructor 2016 Summer Session I Begins 5-23-16 Hybrid Online Course Meets on Campus June 13-17 2016

Unit(s): 4

ENVR/
Survey of the methods used by the public and private sectors to manage the environment and natural resources. Primary emphasis on restoration ecology and conservation biology. Other topics addressed include environmental engineering (e.g. green chemistry and design of pollution control devices) economic considerations in conservation (e.g. conservation land easements and ecotourism) and government regulation. The lab provides students with experience applying standard methods of monitoring biological resources. The lab also provides an opportunity for students to hear talks from environmental experts and to travel to local sites where management activities are occurring. Prerequisites BIOL 111 or permission of instructor Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Molecules, Anatomy and Physiology
Environmental Science majors take one course; Biology majors take no courses:

Introduction to both classical Mendelian inheritance and molecular genetics with one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 or permission of instructor CHEM 161 recommended
Application of genetics to the human population including familial genetics cytogenetics population genetics medical genetics genetic counseling pedigree analysis the human genome bioinformatics DNA fingerprinting gene therapy and therapeutic cloning. The latest advances in this dynamic field are explored. Prerequisites BIOL 100 101 or 110 Alternate years offered 2016-2017 Credit may not be received for both BIOL 216 and 309 or 325

Unit(s): 3
may not be substituted for BIOL-309

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the basic physical and chemical functions necessary for animal life. Topics include basic physiological functions (membrane physiology action potential generationpropagation muscle contraction) and complex physiological activities (osmoregulation and water balance thermoregulation metabolism neurophysiology neural and endocrine control of organ systems and behavior) in both invertebrate and vertebrate animals. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 Credit may not be received for both BIOL 311 and 314

Unit(s): 4

The molecular basis of cell structure and function. Topics include the chemistry architecture and analysis of macromolecules overview of thermodynamics and metabolism enzymology genetic processes and controls recombinant DNA technology and cell signaling mechanisms. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and CHEM 161 or permission of instructor Credit may not be received for both BIOL-216 and BIOL-325

Unit(s): 4

Comparative study of the major organ systems in vertebrate animals. Lectures examine topics such as the origin and adaptive evolution of vertebrate anatomy and the systematic relationships between vertebrate groups. The lab provides a detailed examination of vertebrate anatomy. Two lectures and two labs per week. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

Botany
Environmental Science and Biology majors take one course:

Survey of the vascular flora of the Shenandoah Valley and surrounding mountain areas. Field-based course that introduces students to the identification of plants in the field of their ecology. Plant collection and specimen preservation are also included. Prerequisites BIOL 111 2014 Summer Session I Begins 5-27-14

Unit(s): 4

A comprehensive survey of the plant kingdom that will include topics ranging from plant anatomy physiology diversity and ecology. Students interested in ecology forestry and wildlife biology will find this course particularly useful. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Broad survey of the diversity and classification of vascular plants. Students will learn to recognize common and important plant families as well as learn to identify local taxa. Traditional and modern methods of taxonomy and systematics are presented. Prerequisite BIOL 111 BIOL 430 recommended Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Zoology/Organisms
Environmental Science and Biology majors take two courses:

Explores the anatomy physiology ecology and behaviors that have produced an extraordinary biodiversity of bird species. The major groups of modern birds are introduced and their origin and ecology are examined. Students learn to recognize local species in the field and examine them in the lab using the ornithology collections. Suitable for both biology majors and non-majors. Prerequisites BIOL 100 or 110 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

An introduction to the study of amphibians and reptiles. Lectures will focus on the origin and evolution of amphibians and reptiles and on their biology ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy anatomy species identification and common field techniques used to study these groups. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

A comprehensive survey of mammals. Lectures will focus on phylogenetics the origin and evolution of mammals and their biology ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy species identification and common field techniques used to study mammals. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

ENVR/
Survey of diversity of fish (with an emphasis on freshwater fish of North America). Topics include taxonomy anatomy physiology behavior and ecology. Special emphasis on management of fish populations and diversity in the face of environmental threats including pollution habitat alteration overharvest and invasive species. Lab includes basic ecology and behavior but focuses heavily on common fisheries techniques. Prerequisites BIOLENVR 301 or BIOL 350 or permission of instructor Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the theoretical framework and the methodology of animal behavior research. Students examine the causation development current function and evolutionary history of behavior of invertebrates and vertebrates. Integrates concepts and principles from multiple disciplines to understand behaviors such as foraging and predation mating systems communication parental care social hierarchies and territoriality. Students also review the history of the field of animal behavior and the contributions that animal behavior research can make to applied disciplines such as environmental conservation biomedical research and human psychology. Prerequisites Any one of the following BIOL 311 314 or 350 PSY 210 or permission of the instructor Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

Policy/Ethics
Environmental Science and Biology majors take one course:

Confronts a number of modern scientific and ethical problems including abortion genetic testing genetically modified plants and animals stem cells gene therapy research on humans and physician-assisted suicide. Biology and biotechnology often confound our notions of right and wrong and what ethical behavior is. Prerequisites PDP 150 or PDP 350 and ENG 110 General Education philosophy or religion and Ethical Reasoning Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

Pressing issues confronting professionals in a technological era. Utilizing the insights of philosophical and religious ethics the course examines the responsibilities of the professional person in business medicine law education the ministry and other fields. Problems considered include confidentiality accountability whistleblowing governmental regulation and ethical codes. Prerequisites PDP 150 or PDP 350 ENG 110 and junior or senior standing General Education philosophy or religion Ethical Reasoning Course

Unit(s): 3

Examines the historical development of environmental ethics in the U.S. major ethical approaches to contemporary environmental issues and the application of those theories to particular topics such as ecojustice biodiversity and global warming. Readings will be drawn from a wide range of sources from ancient scripture to current news reports. Prerequisites PDP 150 or PDP 350 and ENG 110 General Education philosophy or religion Ethical Reasoning & Writing Intensive

Unit(s): 3

This course will explore the ethical implications of wildlife management research and stewardship by applying ethical frameworks to issues surrounding wildlife. Possible topics include reintroduction of wolves to Yellowstone and subsequent delisting predator control supplemental feeding loggingwildlife conflicts hunting culture etc. Prerequisites PDP 150 or PDP 350 ENG 110 and BIOL 100 or 110 Ethical Reasoning

Unit(s): 3

This course will provide an overview of federal and state laws that are aimed at the conservation of natural resources andor protection of environmental quality. Major laws that will be covered include the National Environmental Protection Act Clean Air Act Clean Water Act the Endangered Species Act and others. Speakers from natural resourceenvironmental agencies such as the Va. Department of Environmental Quality Va. Department of Game and Inland Fisheries and U.S. Forest Service will provide practical insights into the application and implementation of environmental policy. Prerequisites BIOL 100 101 or 110 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

Social Sciences for Health Professionals Concentration

This concentration helps you prepare for health-care related careers in medicine, nursing, physician assistant, physical therapy, occupational therapy and many others. Understanding the complexities of human behavior, development and identity is crucial to your career as a health professional. In addition, strengthening your communication skills is critical for effective provider-patient relationships.

Consists of 18 credits including the following courses:

Introduction to psychology as a natural and a social science. Topics include the methods of science biological bases of behavior developmental processes sensation and perception states of consciousness conditioning and learning memory and cognition motivation and emotion theories and assessment of intelligence and personality diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and social-cultural influences on behavior. General Education Social Sciences

Unit(s): 3

Introduction to the sociological imagination with a critical examination of social issues individual experiences and the potential for social change. Topics include the nature and impact of culture and social structure inequality social institutions identity social interaction and the historical context of knowledge and relationships. Methods of sociological investigation and interpretation are also emphasized. Corequisite PDP 150 or PDP 350 General Education social sciences

Unit(s): 3

And four courses (at least one from each category) from the following topics list:

Note that no discipline prefix may be used more than three times. For example, after completing PSY 101 and SOC 101, only two more courses in the concentration may be chosen from the PSY or SOC prefixed courses.

Topics in Behavior and Cognition

Introduction to the experimental analysis of behavior. Historical and modern approaches in the scientific study of learning are discussed. Students are required to demonstrate factual knowledge in the major content areas procedures and other advanced issues in regards to simple forms of learning such as habituation and sensitization and more complex forms of associative learning exemplified in classical and operant conditioning. Prerequisite PSY 101 Prerequisites or Co-requisites PSY 210 or 230 or permission of instructor

Unit(s): 3

Empirical findings related to the description classification assessment etiology and treatments of various psychological disorders. Specific disorders examined include anxiety disorders mood disorders substance-related disorders personality disorders and schizophrenia. An important emphasis is understanding the impact of mental illness on individuals and their family and friends. Prerequisite PSY 101 or SOC 101 or permission of instructor

Unit(s): 3

Examination of the contribution of neuroscience techniques to the understanding of sensationperception attention learning memory language and consciousness. Lectures and papers involve an analysis of the interdisciplinary methods such as functional neuroimaging electrophysiological methods and the neurological impairments of brain-damaged patients. Prerequisites PSY 101 and 210 or BIOL 110 or 112 or permission of instructor

Unit(s): 3

Investigation of the major areas of cognitive psychology. Topics include perception and attention representation of knowledge models of memory problem solvingreasoning language and intelligence. Analysis of the validity and reliability of measuring cognitive processes occur through participation in hands-on experiments and demonstrations. Prerequisite PSY 230 or permission of the instructor

Unit(s): 3

Survey of theories principles and facts concerning the sensory sciences. Emphasis on the study of physical physiological and psychological principles governing how we acquire information from the environment through the senses and the organization of these sensations into meaningful interpretable experiences. Although the focus is on mechanisms the influence of disease development and aging are also considered. Prerequisite PSY 210 or permission of the instructor

Unit(s): 3

Topics in Life Span and Development

Examine issues related to geriatrics with emphasis on issues including historical cultural biological physiological psychological and social contexts. Opportunities for experiential learning in residential and intermediate facilities with appropriate agencies. Prequisite PDP 150 or PDP 350 Experiential learning

Unit(s): 3

Surveys historical approaches basic issues recent research and current theoretical perspectives in developmental psychology. Emphasis on describing and explaining the changes that characterize physical perceptual cognitive social and emotional development across the lifespan. Prerequisite PSY 101 or permission of instructor

Unit(s): 3

Examination of how society supports controls and constrains our arrival into and departure from the world revealing the ways that events often assumed to be natural are in fact conditioned by social and cultural forces. Special emphasis on the communication of cultural norms regarding birth and death the impact of advances in medicine and technology and how birth and death become cultural metaphors for other social phenomena. Prerequisite SOC 101 Alternate years offered 2015-2016

Unit(s): 3

Topics in Diversity and Identity

Human populations throughout the world differ in their physical appearance behavior customs lifestyles etc. Students learn about the biological basis of human homogeneity and diversity and critically examine the construct of race as a sanctioned method of classifying human species into different groups. Consideration of biological principles that define species and subgroups and discussion of key differences between early and modern techniques that biologists use to classify organisms. Case studies and examples from geographic locations around the world address some of the enormous social implications (health care education law enforcement) of using faulty science to group human beings into distinct racial categories Prerequisites PDP 150 OR 350 ENG 110 MATH 110 or MATH 115 or MATH 118 and BIOL 100 BIOL 110 or BIOL 112 General Education 2014 Global dynamics Alternate years offered 2014-2015 Estimated Extra Cost 2016 Interterm 280

Unit(s): 3

Examination of the human family historically and comparatively in various cultures with major emphasis placed upon the modern American family. Included are such topics as the diversity of family structures the social construction of emotions gender expectations and roles parenting the life cycle and family tensions. Prerequisite SOC 101 and ENG 110 Writing Intensive

Unit(s): 3

Students will examine family and interpersonal relationships from a variety of theoretical and conceptual frameworks to gain understanding of the changes in society relative to marriage and family. Students will engage in critical examination of issues related to families work and their interrelationships. Emphasis placed upon the reciprocal impacts of relationships within the family and a persons relationships to individuals and other institutions such as educational governmental religious and occupational institutions in society.

Unit(s): 3

Overview of the process of parenting in diverse cultural and familial structures. Exploration of issues related to parenting at various stages of development as well as formation of parenting goals and styles. Emphasis placed on parent-child interactions through the child rearing years. Provides an emphasis on evidence-based practices and evaluation of programming. Prerequisites PDP 150 or PDP 350 Experiential learning

Unit(s): 3

Interdisciplinary exploration of the power and dynamics of human similarities and differences on a global scale. Covers globalization from the perspective of identity and difference and provides opportunities to question contemporary assumptions values and patterns of behavior with the goal of making global interactions more constructive and more peaceful. Prerequisite PDP 150350 General Education Global Dynamics

Unit(s): 3

Overview of the study of how peoples behaviors attitudes and feelings are shaped by other people and the social environment. Topics include attraction prejudice deindividuation persuasion cognitive dissonance social cognition attribution theory and the social self. Emphasis on classic research and the latest studies in the field and their applicability to everyday experiences of the students. Prerequisite PSY 101 or permission of the instructor

Unit(s): 3

Overview of the psychological social and biological aspects of sexuality that will be of use for communicating with romantic partners doctors and children. Topics include sexual anatomy and physiology sexually transmitted diseases methods of contraception prenatal sexual differentiation sex research attraction and love sexual orientation and sexual dysfunction and sexual ethics. Prerequisite PSY 101 or SOC 101 and junior or senior standing.

Unit(s): 3

Problems of population growth environment and resource depletion alcoholism and drug addiction crime and violence inequity and poverty unemployment alienation and several others will be studies. Development of public awareness role of social movements theoretical approaches value conflicts interest groups ad power struggles and examination of proposed solutions will also be included.

Unit(s): 3

The nature of racial relations and inequalities in American society including their historical origins and relationship to Western capitalist development. The ethnic composition of contemporary American society impact of legal and illegal immigration patterns dynamics of modern structures and institutions the Civil Rights Movement inter-ethnic conflicts and attitudes multiculturalism and status of affirmative action are analyzed in the context of national and global social change. Prerequisite PDP 150 or PDP 350 and SOC 101 General education global dynamics

Unit(s): 3

Introduction to a variety of conceptual frameworks and theoretical lenses relating to human gender and sexualities including social constructionism political economy and cultural studies. A critical global historical and sociological approach will be emphasized to unpack gendered ad sexualized social structures like patriarchy heterosexism and hegemonic masculinity. Special attention will be paid to social movements and challenges to powerresource inequalities made by gender and sexuality-based minority groups. Prerequisites PDP 150 or PDP 350 and SOC 101 Offered alternate years 2016-2017 General Education global dynamics

Unit(s): 3

Topics in Communication and Health Fields:

An introduction to the history and influence of communication technology in society. The class will explore the various social political cultural and economic impacts of new communication technology. Major topics include the origins of writing printing photography film the telegraph and telephone radio television and the internet.

Unit(s): 3

Examines how electronic media industries have changed the way we produce and consume media products. The course will examine how the digital age has impacted notions of interactivity virtual space media production networks and credibility. Particular attention will be paid to the social economic and political implications of these changes. 2015 Summer Session II offered as an online course

Unit(s): 3

Examines issues related to communication within personal and professional relationships. Students will develop theoretical and practical understandings of verbal and nonverbal communication the role of technology in interpersonal communication and how interpersonal communication functions to develop negotiate maintain and terminate relationships.

Unit(s): 3

Theoretical and practical survey of intercultural communication processes. Examines intrapersonal interpersonal organizational and mass media dimensions of intercultural communication. The course specifically focuses on the distinctive cultural behaviors expectations values and power dynamics that affect our abilities to communicate effectively and people from diverse cultures. Prerequisite PDP 150 or PDP 350 General Education global dynamics Alternate years offered 2015-2016

Unit(s): 3

Students will develop theoretical and practical understandings of the role of sex and gender in verbal and nonverbal communication friendships families romantic relationships and professional relationships. This course also examines the issues of technology health power and violence as they related to sex and gender.

Unit(s): 3

Examines the medias role in creating and re-creating our understanding of gender race and class. Includes a historical perspective and traces how these representations have changed over time the forces that have affected representations of gender race and class and the current state of their representation in the media. A field trip to at least one museum in Washington D.C. is planned depending upon exhibits available at the time (e.g. National Museum of the American Indian Smithsonians American History Museum). Estimated Extra Cost 2015 Interterm 150

Unit(s): 3

Examines the role of news advocacy scientific analysis decision and policy making risk perception and other factors in the communication of issues related to science environment and health. Provides students with rich theoretical background critical understanding and practical skills to produce investigate and critique communication processes related to the topics. Students in this course are required to conduct field work and original research write and publish news and analytical articles. Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 3

Examination of the multiple determinants of health and wellness from a personal and community perspective. Through service-based learning experiences students critically analyze individual social and environmental factors that influence health. This course requires students to spend time off-campus serving at community agencies in order to successfully fulfill course requirements. Prerequisites PDP 150 or PDP 350 and ENG 110 Experiential learning and writing intensive

Unit(s): 3

Concepts of administration such as devising policy and procedures record-keeping budgeting facility design risk management and productivity standards for healthcare professionals.

Unit(s): 3

Comparison of the similarities and differences between varied World Health Organization ranked global healthcare systems. Emphasis will be placed on exploring delivery financing and effectiveness of services within various healthcare systems with a special focus on sports medicine and related prevention and intervention resources for athletes. The class will travel to Italy and Hungary for 14 days. Prerequisites
Taught in the style of a seminar a small group of students learn thinking skills through discussion debate peer review and brainstorming. Context varies from section to section. Incoming students rank topic preferences and then are assigned to a section. Focuses specifically on two key areas of personal development (1) intellectual growth is stimulated through systematic critical questioning and (2) a sense of community involvement and responsibility is developed through classroom group work collaborative learning and a class community engagement project. The course also contains success skill exercises and college orientation information including an introduction to the portfolio program. General education 2014 master core skills

Unit(s): 3
or
An introduction to the academic community of Bridgewater College to the liberal arts and to the skills of critical thinking and reflective writing specifically designed for transfer students. Transfer students will explore the unique challenges of integrating into a liberal arts educational environment and will begin the process of documenting their experiences and growth in the four dimensions of personal development intellectual growth and discovery citizenship and community responsibility ethical and spiritual growth and emotional maturation and physical health. general education 2014 master core skills

Unit(s): 3
General education world cultures 2016 Interterm Estimated Extra Cost 4000

Unit(s): 3

Examination of the mental health benefits of exercise as well as motivational factors involved in exercise and the many variables that influence exercise behavior (e.g. stress emotional states anxiety and depression). Additionally this course explores the psychological antecedents and consequences of injury and illness.

Unit(s): 3

Development of community based intervention strategies to modify health risk behaviors with emphasis on theoretical foundations and comprehensive program planning strategies.

Unit(s): 3

Introduction to the concepts of pharmacology and counseling as related to healthcare. Prerequisites ES 450

Unit(s): 3

This course is a directed study of cultural and ethical issues associated with varied allied health professionals service delivery. The experience is designed to advance the students knowledge in providing healthcare for diverse cultural groups within the United States healthcare system including discussions related to the following communications family roles high risk behaviors healthcare practices spirituality and death rituals. Concurrently the class will provide insight into the formation and use of various allied healthcare professional organizations code of ethics.

Unit(s): 3

Exposes students to a broad view of public mental health and psychology in the public interest. Stimulates the interest of future researchers clinicians and policy makers toward improvement of public mental health. Specific attention is given to discerning science from pseudoscience in the practice of psychology. Prerequisites PSY 310 or permission of instructor

Unit(s): 3

Basic counseling skills and models are outlined for students who plan to enter a helping profession. Primary focus is placed on current counseling techniques and strategies. Helping skills such as attending reflecting clarifying empathizing supporting examining feedback confronting and facilitating group process are treated. Goal setting decision making self-awareness and referral techniques are also included. Prerequisite SOC 101 2015 Fall Semester Estimated Extra Cost 45

Unit(s): 3

Teacher Certification

Teacher certification for biology consists of completing the major requirements for biology, satisfactory performance on the biology PRAXIS II exam, and completing at least one semester of organic chemistry, chosen from the following:

Overview of the functional groups and reactivity of organic molecules using biological examples. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 125 or 162 Credit may not be received for both CHEM 250 and 305

Unit(s): 4

-or-
Structure nomenclature reaction mechanisms synthesis and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 162 or permission of the instructor Credit cannot be earned for both CHEM 250 and 305

Unit(s): 4

Students are also encouraged to consider earning certification in earth science due to the high demand for teachers in this area. This can be accomplished with satisfactory performance on the earth science PRAXIS II exam and interested students are encouraged to take CHEM 102 or GEOL 130 as preparation. Refer to the education department listing for additional certification requirements.

Dual Degree Programs

The department has pursued dual degree programs with other institutions. These include physical therapy with Shenandoah University, nursing with Vanderbilt University, veterinary medicine with Virginia Tech and clinical laboratory sciences with Sentara RMH and Augusta Health.

Qualified students may apply for early admission to the Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine at Virginia Tech or another accredited veterinary program. If accepted, the student may earn the bachelor’s degree in biology from Bridgewater College by fulfilling the following requirements:

  • Complete all courses required for the biology major with a cumulative major GPA of at least 2.0;
  • Complete all courses required for the general education program, including PDP 450, with an overall GPA of at least 2.0;
  • Complete any remaining credits required for graduation from Bridgewater College with a grade of “C” or better while enrolled in an accredited veterinary medicine program.

Clinical Laboratory Sciences

This program allows qualified students to seek early admission to the Sentara RMH School of Medical Laboratory Science or the Augusta Health School of Clinical Laboratory Science. If granted admission, it is the responsibility of the student to complete the following prior to entering this program:

  • The courses required for the Biology major with a minimum GPA of 2.0, including prerequisite courses for the Laboratory Science Program
  • The general education program requirements, including PDP 450
  • A minimum of 91 credit hours towards graduation, with a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.0

Upon completing this 12-month professional program with minimum grades of C in each course, the College will transfer 32 semester hours of credit to the student’s record to complete requirements for earning a bachelor’s degree from the College.

The Smithsonian-Mason Semester for Conservation Studies

Bridgewater College is a member institution of the Smithsonian-Mason Semester which is run by George Mason University out of the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) in Front Royal, Va. In this program, students live on the SCBI campus (a world-class conservation research facility) and learn about the theory and application of conservation biology (including the social, political and economic dimensions). Students participate in one of two 16 credit hour programs: Wildlife Ecology and Conservation or Conservation, Biodiversity and Society (for any student interested in conservation). Interested students should visit the program’s website (smconservation.gmu.edu/programs/undergraduate) and contact the biology department or the coordinator of international education.

Both programs are appropriate for juniors and seniors. There are no specific prerequisite classes for Conservation, Biodiversity and Society. That program is open to all majors. The Wildlife Ecology and Conservation semester has Ecology (BIOL 350) as a prerequisite.