Chemistry | College Catalog

Majors

Applied Chemistry
Biochemistry
Chemistry

Minors

Applied Chemistry
Physical Chemistry

Pre-Professional Programs

Pharmacy

The Department of Chemistry provides a solid foundation in the basic areas of chemistry (analytical, organic, inorganic, physical and biochemical) for a student preparing for graduate or professional school, an industrial career or a career in chemical education. Chemistry students have numerous laboratory experiences as well as the possibility of participating in a senior research project. In addition, seniors often have the opportunity to present their work at the undergraduate research symposium sponsored by the Virginia Section of the American Chemical Society.

The departmental curriculum is intended to foster an increasing sense of independence in the student. Students build a firm understanding of chemical principles in general chemistry (first year) and organic chemistry (second year). In the junior and senior years, students take classes from each member of the department who specialize in different areas of chemistry, resulting in chemistry graduates who are well-prepared for graduate school or an industrial career in the sciences.

The pre-professional program in pharmacy is designed for students who may be interested in attending pharmacy school after graduation. Students complete a rigorous schedule of chemistry, biology and general education courses in order to satisfy the requirements of various pharmacy schools. Students generally apply to pharmacy schools after their third or fourth year at Bridgewater. Interested students should contact the chair of the Department of Chemistry.

Chemistry Major

Consists of 53-54 credit hours including the following courses:

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118 General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 161 or permission of the instructor General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

Structure nomenclature reaction mechanisms synthesis and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 162 or permission of the instructor Credit cannot be earned for both CHEM 250 and 305

Unit(s): 4

A continuation of organic chemistry started in CHEM 305 including a study of the interpretation of infrared spectroscopy proton and carbon NMR UV-visible spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. The lab will be an introduction to chemical research that includes research methods and techniques through a series of experiments. Prerequisite CHEM 305 Credit may not be received for both 306 and 310 or for both CHEM-308 and CHEM-310

Unit(s): 5

Physical properties electronic structure and reactivity of transition metal compounds. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 306 or 310 Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Exposure to methods of quantitation signalto- noise enhancement instrumental design and function methods of spectroscopy chromatography electroanalytical analysis and mass spectrometry. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 250 or 305 Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Thermodynamics equilibrium chemical structures and reaction rates as applied to biological systems and macromolecules. Three of lecture per week. Prerequisites CHEM 306 or 310 MATH 130 or 131 or permission of instructor Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

Physical states of chemical systems- thermodynamics equilibria reaction rates electrochemistry and photochemistry- with lab examination of reactions in multicomponent systems. Three hours of lecture and four hours of lab work per week. Prerequisites for CHEM 415 MATH 132 and PHYS 222 or permission of instructor. Alternate years offered 2017-2018 Credit may not be received for both CHEM 425 and 427

Unit(s): 4

A year-long project in collaboration with a member of the Chemistry faculty. One hour lecture and a minimum of eight hours of lab per week. Prerequisite Senior standing or permission of the department (CHEM 451 is required for CHEM 452)

Unit(s): 2

A year-long project in collaboration with a member of the Chemistry faculty. One hour lecture and a minimum of eight hours of lab per week. Prerequisite Senior standing or permission of the department (CHEM 451 is required for CHEM 452)

Unit(s): 2

-or-
An Honors Project is one in which a student researches a subject by examination of relevant literature or by experimentation or both the student reports the results in an accurately documented and well-written paper or appropriate representation of the work. Whenever the study deals with the subject of an established course the student is expected to go well beyond the usual work of the course in research and in assimilation of the results as revealed in the report. Juniors and seniors with a cumulative grade point average of 3.40 or above may register for an Honors Project. One desiring to pursue an Honors Project must submit a written description of his or her proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the Vice President and Dean for Academic Affairs by the first day of the semester in which the study is to be conducted. At the conclusion of the Honors Project the supervising professor files with the Registrar a grade for the student and a description of the work accomplished and with the Library Director a copy of the written paper or appropriate representation of the work. It is the students responsibility to provide the materials for the library in compliance with specifications approved by the Council on Education. The Library Director arranges for binding and storage.

Unit(s): 3

Study of differential calculus of a single variable. Applications of the derivative are made to curve sketching max-min problems and linear approximation and IHopitals Rule. Also included are applications of the Intermediate Value Theorem and Mean Value Theorem. Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and 131. Prerequisites MATH 120 or satisfactory performance on placement test

Unit(s): 3

Study of integral calculus of a single variable. Included are techniques of integration and numerical methods of integration. Applications of the integral are made to computing area volume arc length and selected topics. Prerequisite MATH 131

Unit(s): 3

During the first term Kinematics Newtons laws of motion conservation laws rotational motion periodic motion and fluid mechanics. During the second term Thermodynamics electricity magnetism optics and modern physics. A combination of lectures and learning by inquiry are employed. Computers are used for data acquisition data analysis and mathematical modeling. Three hours in class one hour in recitation and two hours in lab per week. Prerequisite MATH 130 or 132 or concurrent enrollment in MATH 131 132 respectively.

Unit(s): 4

During the first term Kinematics Newtons laws of motion conservation laws rotational motion periodic motion and fluid mechanics. During the second term Thermodynamics electricity magnetism optics and modern physics. A combination of lectures and learning by inquiry are employed. Computers are used for data acquisition data analysis and mathematical modeling. Three hours in class one hour in recitation and two hours in lab per week. Prerequisite MATH 130 or 132 or concurrent enrollment in MATH 131 132 respectively. PHYS 221is prerequisite to PHYS 222. General Education Natural & Physical Science

Unit(s): 4

And one additional CHEM course numbered 350 or above.

Applied Chemistry Major

Consists of 41-42 credit hours including the following courses:

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118 General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 161 or permission of the instructor General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

Structure nomenclature reaction mechanisms synthesis and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 162 or permission of the instructor Credit cannot be earned for both CHEM 250 and 305

Unit(s): 4

A continuation of organic chemistry started in CHEM 305 including a study of the interpretation of infrared spectroscopy proton and carbon NMR UV-visible spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. The lab will be an introduction to chemical research that includes research methods and techniques through a series of experiments. Prerequisite CHEM 305 Credit may not be received for both 306 and 310 or for both CHEM-308 and CHEM-310

Unit(s): 5

The chemistry and quantitative aspects of environmentally important cycles (C N O P S) in the context of the atmosphere hydrosphere and lithosphere. Major environmental issues will be discussed such as acid rain sewage treatment ozone destruction anthropogenic climate change air pollution and eutrophication. Laboratories will involve sampling quantitative detection and data analysis. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 162 Credit may not be received for both CHEM-120 and ENVRCHEM-320

Unit(s): 4

Physical properties electronic structure and reactivity of transition metal compounds. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 306 or 310 Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Exposure to methods of quantitation signalto- noise enhancement instrumental design and function methods of spectroscopy chromatography electroanalytical analysis and mass spectrometry. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 250 or 305 Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Thermodynamics equilibrium chemical structures and reaction rates as applied to biological systems and macromolecules. Three of lecture per week. Prerequisites CHEM 306 or 310 MATH 130 or 131 or permission of instructor Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

BIOL/
Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes including carbohydrates proteins lipids and nucleic acids along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite
Overview of the functional groups and reactivity of organic molecules using biological examples. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 125 or 162 Credit may not be received for both CHEM 250 and 305

Unit(s): 4
or CHEM-306310

Unit(s): 3

Differential and integral calculus for the student who needs a working knowledge of the subject but does not plan to pursue more advanced study in mathematics. Includes theory and application of limits derivatives and integrals. Prerequisite MATH 120 or satisfactory performance on placement test Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and MATH 131

Unit(s): 3

-or-
Study of differential calculus of a single variable. Applications of the derivative are made to curve sketching max-min problems and linear approximation and IHopitals Rule. Also included are applications of the Intermediate Value Theorem and Mean Value Theorem. Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and 131. Prerequisites MATH 120 or satisfactory performance on placement test

Unit(s): 3

Basic descriptive statistics probability hypothesis testing correlation and regression. Statistical computer software is used to analyze data. Prerequisites MATH 118 MATH 110 MATH 115 or satisfactory performance on placement test

Unit(s): 3

Biochemistry Major

Consists of 50-51 credit hours including the following courses:

Introduction to the biological sciences covering biological chemistry celltissue structure and function genetics and microevolution. Intended for biology health and human sciences and environmental science majors. Three lectures and one lab per week. Corequisites
Real numbers exponents radicals and algebraic operations with polynomial and rational functions. Solving equations and graphing expressions involving polynomial and rational functions and exponential and logarithmic functions. Credit may not be received for both MATH 118 and 110. General education master core skill 2016 Summer Session I offered as an online course

Unit(s): 3
or
This course is designed to provide development of basic computational skills and introductory algebra concepts like solutions of single variable equations. It will also cover some introductory statistics and probability concepts. Problem solving will be emphasized. The course will contain at least one project that requires students to make extensive use of spreadsheet software like Excel. General Education Master Core Skill

Unit(s): 3
Biology and environmental science majors should take
Real numbers exponents radicals and algebraic operations with polynomial and rational functions. Solving equations and graphing expressions involving polynomial and rational functions and exponential and logarithmic functions. Credit may not be received for both MATH 118 and 110. General education master core skill 2016 Summer Session I offered as an online course

Unit(s): 3
. Other students should consult with their advisor about which course to take. General Education natural and physical sciences

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the biological sciences covering macroevolution (systematic taxonomy phylogenetics) ecology and biodiversity. Intended for biology and environmental science majors. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 110

Unit(s): 4

The molecular basis of cell structure and function. Topics include the chemistry architecture and analysis of macromolecules overview of thermodynamics and metabolism enzymology genetic processes and controls recombinant DNA technology and cell signaling mechanisms. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and CHEM 161 or permission of instructor Credit may not be received for both BIOL-216 and BIOL-325

Unit(s): 4

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118 General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 161 or permission of the instructor General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

Structure nomenclature reaction mechanisms synthesis and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 162 or permission of the instructor Credit cannot be earned for both CHEM 250 and 305

Unit(s): 4

Structure nomenclature reaction mechanisms synthesis and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 305

Unit(s): 4

-or-
A continuation of organic chemistry started in CHEM 305 including a study of the interpretation of infrared spectroscopy proton and carbon NMR UV-visible spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. The lab will be an introduction to chemical research that includes research methods and techniques through a series of experiments. Prerequisite CHEM 305 Credit may not be received for both 306 and 310 or for both CHEM-308 and CHEM-310

Unit(s): 5
 
Exposure to methods of quantitation signalto- noise enhancement instrumental design and function methods of spectroscopy chromatography electroanalytical analysis and mass spectrometry. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 250 or 305 Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Thermodynamics equilibrium chemical structures and reaction rates as applied to biological systems and macromolecules. Three of lecture per week. Prerequisites CHEM 306 or 310 MATH 130 or 131 or permission of instructor Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

BIOL/
Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes including carbohydrates proteins lipids and nucleic acids along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite
Overview of the functional groups and reactivity of organic molecules using biological examples. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 125 or 162 Credit may not be received for both CHEM 250 and 305

Unit(s): 4
or CHEM-306310

Unit(s): 4

BIOL/
A continuation of the topics covered in Biochemistry I with special attention paid to the classic chemical reactions at work in biological systems. The intersection of biochemical principles with such applications as drug discovery and computational modeling will be emphasized as a mechanism for understanding the fundamental relationship between structure and function. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite BIOLCHEM-355 or 356

Unit(s): 3

Differential and integral calculus for the student who needs a working knowledge of the subject but does not plan to pursue more advanced study in mathematics. Includes theory and application of limits derivatives and integrals. Prerequisite MATH 120 or satisfactory performance on placement test Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and MATH 131

Unit(s): 3
    
-or-
Study of differential calculus of a single variable. Applications of the derivative are made to curve sketching max-min problems and linear approximation and IHopitals Rule. Also included are applications of the Intermediate Value Theorem and Mean Value Theorem. Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and 131. Prerequisites MATH 120 or satisfactory performance on placement test

Unit(s): 3

An algebra-based exploration of the concepts of motion forces energy waves heat electricity magnetism optics and modern physics. Three hours in class one hour in recitation and two hours in lab per week. Prerequisites MATH 120

Unit(s): 4

-or-
During the first term Kinematics Newtons laws of motion conservation laws rotational motion periodic motion and fluid mechanics. During the second term Thermodynamics electricity magnetism optics and modern physics. A combination of lectures and learning by inquiry are employed. Computers are used for data acquisition data analysis and mathematical modeling. Three hours in class one hour in recitation and two hours in lab per week. Prerequisite MATH 130 or 132 or concurrent enrollment in MATH 131 132 respectively.

Unit(s): 4

Students may not double major in biochemistry and biology, chemistry or applied chemistry.
Student may not major in biochemistry and minor in biology, physical chemistry or applied chemistry.

Applied Chemistry Minor

Consists of 28-32 credit hours including the following courses:

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118 General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 161 or permission of the instructor General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

Structure nomenclature reaction mechanisms synthesis and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 162 or permission of the instructor Credit cannot be earned for both CHEM 250 and 305

Unit(s): 4

Structure nomenclature reaction mechanisms synthesis and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 305

Unit(s): 4

-or-
A continuation of organic chemistry started in CHEM 305 including a study of the interpretation of infrared spectroscopy proton and carbon NMR UV-visible spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. The lab will be an introduction to chemical research that includes research methods and techniques through a series of experiments. Prerequisite CHEM 305 Credit may not be received for both 306 and 310 or for both CHEM-308 and CHEM-310

Unit(s): 5

Differential and integral calculus for the student who needs a working knowledge of the subject but does not plan to pursue more advanced study in mathematics. Includes theory and application of limits derivatives and integrals. Prerequisite MATH 120 or satisfactory performance on placement test Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and MATH 131

Unit(s): 3

-or-
Study of differential calculus of a single variable. Applications of the derivative are made to curve sketching max-min problems and linear approximation and IHopitals Rule. Also included are applications of the Intermediate Value Theorem and Mean Value Theorem. Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and 131. Prerequisites MATH 120 or satisfactory performance on placement test

Unit(s): 3

And three additional CHEM courses numbered 320 and above.

Physical Chemistry Minor

Consists of 32 credit hours including the following courses:

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118 General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 161 or permission of the instructor General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

Structure nomenclature reaction mechanisms synthesis and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 162 or permission of the instructor Credit cannot be earned for both CHEM 250 and 305

Unit(s): 4

Thermodynamics equilibrium chemical structures and reaction rates as applied to biological systems and macromolecules. Three of lecture per week. Prerequisites CHEM 306 or 310 MATH 130 or 131 or permission of instructor Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

Physical states of solution systems- thermodynamics equilibria reaction rates electrochemistry and photochemistry. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisites CHEM 415 MATH 132 and PHYS 222 or permission of instructor Alternate years offered 2017-2018 Credit may not be received for both CHEM 425 and 427

Unit(s): 3

Study of differential calculus of a single variable. Applications of the derivative are made to curve sketching max-min problems and linear approximation and IHopitals Rule. Also included are applications of the Intermediate Value Theorem and Mean Value Theorem. Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and 131. Prerequisites MATH 120 or satisfactory performance on placement test

Unit(s): 3

Study of integral calculus of a single variable. Included are techniques of integration and numerical methods of integration. Applications of the integral are made to computing area volume arc length and selected topics. Prerequisite MATH 131

Unit(s): 3

During the first term Kinematics Newtons laws of motion conservation laws rotational motion periodic motion and fluid mechanics. During the second term Thermodynamics electricity magnetism optics and modern physics. A combination of lectures and learning by inquiry are employed. Computers are used for data acquisition data analysis and mathematical modeling. Three hours in class one hour in recitation and two hours in lab per week. Prerequisite MATH 130 or 132 or concurrent enrollment in MATH 131 132 respectively.

Unit(s): 4

During the first term Kinematics Newtons laws of motion conservation laws rotational motion periodic motion and fluid mechanics. During the second term Thermodynamics electricity magnetism optics and modern physics. A combination of lectures and learning by inquiry are employed. Computers are used for data acquisition data analysis and mathematical modeling. Three hours in class one hour in recitation and two hours in lab per week. Prerequisite MATH 130 or 132 or concurrent enrollment in MATH 131 132 respectively. PHYS 221is prerequisite to PHYS 222. General Education Natural & Physical Science

Unit(s): 4

General Education Requirement

The following courses satisfy Bridgewater College's general education requirement for natural and physical sciences:

The history of the earth and its place in the universe geologic processes environmental problems and weather. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab per week. Field trips may be taken during lab. Corequisites MATH 110 MATH 115 OR MATH 118 General Education natural and physical sciences

Unit(s): 4
(for students majoring in a non-science area)
Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118 General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4
(for science majors)
This course is an overview of the history of the earth and its structure earth materials the rock cycle internal processes (the tectonic cycle volcanoes and earthquakes) external processes (the hydrologic cycle weathering and soils) and environmental concerns (groundwater surface water pollution and remediation) with fairly detailed coverage of the processes. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab per week. Field trips may be taken during lab. Corequisites MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118 General Education natural and physical sciences

Unit(s): 4
(for students majoring in a non-science area)

Chemistry Course Prerequisites

MATH 110 or MATH 118 is a prerequisite for CHEM 125.
MATH 110 is a prerequisite for any CHEM course numbered above 125.
MATH 130 or MATH 131 is a prerequisite for all CHEM courses numbered 350 or above.
MATH 132 is a prerequisite for all CHEM courses numbered 420 or above.