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Chemistry | College Catalog

Majors

Applied Chemistry
Biochemistry
Chemistry

Minors

Applied Chemistry
Physical Chemistry

Pre-Professional Programs

Pharmacy

The Department of Chemistry provides a solid foundation in the basic areas of chemistry (analytical, organic, inorganic, physical and biochemical) for a student preparing for graduate or professional school, an industrial career or a career in chemical education. Chemistry students have numerous laboratory experiences as well as the possibility of participating in a senior research project. In addition, seniors often have the opportunity to present their work at the undergraduate research symposium sponsored by the Virginia Section of the American Chemical Society.

The departmental curriculum is intended to foster an increasing sense of independence in the student. Students build a firm understanding of chemical principles in general chemistry (first year) and organic chemistry (second year). In the junior and senior years, students take classes from each member of the department who specialize in different areas of chemistry, resulting in chemistry graduates who are well-prepared for graduate school or an industrial career in the sciences.

The pre-professional program in pharmacy is designed for students who may be interested in attending pharmacy school after graduation. Students complete a rigorous schedule of chemistry, biology and general education courses in order to satisfy the requirements of various pharmacy schools. Students generally apply to pharmacy schools after their third or fourth year at Bridgewater. Interested students should contact the chair of the Department of Chemistry.

Applied Chemistry Major

Consists of 40-42 credit hours including the following courses:

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometrystates of matter atomic and molecular structurechemical bonding periodicity energyrelationships and equilibria acid-basechemistry electrochemistry kineticssolubilitythermodynamics kinetic molecular theory ofgases and the systematic study of families ofelements. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hourlaboratory per week.Prerequisite MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118General Education natural and physicalsciencesCredit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and161

Unit(s): 4

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometrystates of matter atomic and molecular structurechemical bonding periodicity energyrelationships and equilibria acid-basechemistryelectrochemistry kinetics solubilitythermodynamics kinetic molecular theory ofgasesand the systematic study of families of elements.Three hours of lecture and one four-hourlab per week.Prerequisites CHEM 161 or permission of theinstructorGeneral Education natural and physicalsciencesCredit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and161

Unit(s): 4

Structure nomenclature reaction mechanismssynthesis and identification of organicmolecules. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hour lab per week.Prerequisite CHEM 162 or permissionof the instructorCredit cannot be earned for both CHEM250 and 305

Unit(s): 4

A continuation of organic chemistry startedin CHEM 305 including a study of theinterpretation of infrared spectroscopy protonand carbon NMR UV-visible spectroscopy and massspectrometry. The lab will be an introduction tochemical research that includes research methodsand techniques through a series of experiments.Prerequisite CHEM 305Credit may not be received for both 306 and310 or for both CHEM-308 and CHEM-310

Unit(s): 5

Physical properties electronic structure andreactivity of transition metal compounds. Threehours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week.Prerequisite CHEM 306 or 310Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Exposure to methods of quantitation signalto-noise enhancement instrumental design andfunction methods of spectroscopychromatographyelectroanalytical analysis and massspectrometry. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hour lab per week.Prerequisite CHEM 250 or 305Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Thermodynamics equilibrium chemical structuresand reaction rates as applied to biologicalsystems and macromolecules. Three of lecture perweek.Prerequisites CHEM 306 or 310 MATH 130 or 131or permission of instructorAlternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

Differential and integral calculus for thestudentwho needs a working knowledge of the subjectbut does not plan to pursue more advanced studyin mathematics. Includes theory and applicationof limits derivatives and integrals.Prerequisite MATH 120 or satisfactoryperformance on placement testCredit may not be received for both MATH 130 andMATH 131

Unit(s): 3

-or-
Study of differential calculus of a singlevariable. Applications of the derivative are madeto curve sketching max-min problems and linearapproximation and IHopitals Rule. Alsoincludedare applications of the Intermediate ValueTheoremand Mean Value Theorem. Credit may not bereceivedfor both MATH 130 and 131.Prerequisites MATH 120 or satisfactoryperformance on placement test

Unit(s): 3

Basic descriptive statistics probabilityhypothesis testing correlation and regression.Statistical computer software is used to analyzedata.Prerequisites MATH 118 MATH 110 MATH 115 orsatisfactory performance on placement test

Unit(s): 3

BIOL/
Introduction to the major biomolecular compoundclasses including carbohydrates proteinslipids and nucleic acids along with a survey ofenzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of keymetabolic pathways. Three lectures per week.Prerequisite CHEM-250 or CHEM-306310

Unit(s): 3

-or-
BIOL/
Introduction to the major biomolecular compoundclasses including carbohydrates proteinslipids and nucleic acids along with a survey ofenzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of keymetabolic pathways. Three lectures and one labper week.Prerequisite CHEM-250 or CHEM-306310

Unit(s): 4

One additional CHEM course selected from the following:

CHEM/

The chemistry and quantitative aspects ofenvironmentally important cycles (C N O P S)in the context of the atmosphere hydrosphere andlithosphere. Major environmental issues arediscussed such as acid rain sewage treatmentozone destruction anthropogenic climate changeair pollution and eutrophication. Laboratoriesinvolve sampling quantitative detection and dataanalysis. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM-162

Unit(s): 4

This course is an introduction to quantum theoryand statistical mechanics with an emphasis ontheir application to spectroscopy andthermodynamic properties. Students will beintroduced to and perform relevant calculations. The results of these calculations will then beused to introduce and develop the theory behindvarious spectroscopic techniques as well asdevelop the relationships between statisticalmechanics and thermodynamic properties. Studentswill also gain hands-on experience working withseveral spectroscopic instruments.Prerequisites CHEM-162 and
Differential and integral calculus for thestudentwho needs a working knowledge of the subjectbut does not plan to pursue more advanced studyin mathematics. Includes theory and applicationof limits derivatives and integrals.Prerequisite MATH 120 or satisfactoryperformance on placement testCredit may not be received for both MATH 130 andMATH 131

Unit(s): 3
or
Study of integral calculus of a single variable.Included are techniques of integration andnumerical methods of integration. Applications ofthe integral are made to computing area volumearc length and selected topics.Prerequisite MATH 131

Unit(s): 3


Unit(s): 3

Molecular orbital theory reaction kinetics andorganic name reactions. Three hours of lectureper week.Prerequisite CHEM 306 or 310Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

Designed to introduce students to the fundamentalprinciples and techniques of computationalchemistry. Approaches to be discussed includemolecular mechanics molecular dynamics anddensity functional theory among others.Discussion will focus on supporting notreplacing the work of traditional syntheticchemists and particular attention will be paidto the strengthslimitations of each techniquefor one or more specific purposes. Students willlearn to model molecular systems and tocritically analyze a potential energy surfaceidentifying local and global minima and thetransition states between them. The applicationof these tools in ligand design and drugdiscovery will be a key component.Prerequisites CHEM 306 or 310Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

Physical states of solution systems-thermodynamics equilibria reactionrates electrochemistry and photochemistry.Three hours of lecture per week.Prerequisites CHEM 415 MATH 132 and PHYS 222or permission of instructorAlternate years offered 2017-2018Credit may not be received for both CHEM 425 and427

Unit(s): 3

Physical states of chemical systems-thermodynamics equilibria reactionrates electrochemistry and photochemistry- withlab examination of reactions in multicomponentsystems. Three hours of lecture and four hours oflab work per week.Prerequisites for CHEM 415 MATH 132 and PHYS222 or permission of instructor.Alternate years offered 2017-2018Credit may not be received for both CHEM 425 and427

Unit(s): 4

Atomic structure and chemical bonding basedon applications of Schroedingers Equation tostructures of chemical interest. Three hours oflecture per week.Prerequisite CHEM 425 or 427 or permission ofthe instructorAlternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 3

CHEM/
A continuation of the topics covered inBiochemistry I with special attention paid tothe classic chemical reactions at work inbiological systems. The intersection ofbiochemical principles with such applications asdrug discovery and computational modeling will beemphasized as a mechanism for understanding thefundamental relationship between structure andfunction. Three lectures per week.Prerequisite BIOL
Introduction to the major biomolecular compoundclasses including carbohydrates proteinslipids and nucleic acids along with a survey ofenzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of keymetabolic pathways. Three lectures per week.Prerequisite CHEM-250 or CHEM-306310

Unit(s): 3
or 356

Unit(s): 3

Biochemistry Major

Consists of 50-51 credit hours including the following courses:

Introduction to the biological sciences covering biological chemistry celltissue structure and function genetics and microevolution. Intended for biology health and human sciences and environmental science majors. Three lectures and one lab per week. Corequisites
Real numbers exponents radicals and algebraic operations with polynomial and rational functions. Solving equations and graphing expressions involving polynomial and rational functions and exponential and logarithmic functions. Credit may not be received for both MATH 118 and 110. General education master core skill 2016 Summer Session I offered as an online course

Unit(s): 3
or
This course is designed to provide development of basic computational skills and introductory algebra concepts like solutions of single variable equations. It will also cover some introductory statistics and probability concepts. Problem solving will be emphasized. The course will contain at least one project that requires students to make extensive use of spreadsheet software like Excel. General Education Master Core Skill

Unit(s): 3
Biology and environmental science majors should take
Real numbers exponents radicals and algebraic operations with polynomial and rational functions. Solving equations and graphing expressions involving polynomial and rational functions and exponential and logarithmic functions. Credit may not be received for both MATH 118 and 110. General education master core skill 2016 Summer Session I offered as an online course

Unit(s): 3
. Other students should consult with their advisor about which course to take. General Education natural and physical sciences

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the biological sciences covering macroevolution (systematic taxonomy phylogenetics) ecology and biodiversity. Intended for biology and environmental science majors. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 110

Unit(s): 4

The molecular basis of cell structure and function. Topics include the chemistry architecture and analysis of macromolecules overview of thermodynamics and metabolism enzymology genetic processes and controls recombinant DNA technology and cell signaling mechanisms. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and CHEM 161 or permission of instructor Credit may not be received for both BIOL-216 and BIOL-325

Unit(s): 4

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118 General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 161 or permission of the instructor General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

Structure nomenclature reaction mechanisms synthesis and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 162 or permission of the instructor Credit cannot be earned for both CHEM 250 and 305

Unit(s): 4

Structure nomenclature reaction mechanisms synthesis and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 305

Unit(s): 4

-or-
A continuation of organic chemistry started in CHEM 305 including a study of the interpretation of infrared spectroscopy proton and carbon NMR UV-visible spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. The lab will be an introduction to chemical research that includes research methods and techniques through a series of experiments. Prerequisite CHEM 305 Credit may not be received for both 306 and 310 or for both CHEM-308 and CHEM-310

Unit(s): 5
 
Exposure to methods of quantitation signalto- noise enhancement instrumental design and function methods of spectroscopy chromatography electroanalytical analysis and mass spectrometry. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite CHEM 250 or 305 Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Thermodynamics equilibrium chemical structures and reaction rates as applied to biological systems and macromolecules. Three of lecture per week. Prerequisites CHEM 306 or 310 MATH 130 or 131 or permission of instructor Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

BIOL/
Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes including carbohydrates proteins lipids and nucleic acids along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite
Overview of the functional groups and reactivity of organic molecules using biological examples. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 125 or 162 Credit may not be received for both CHEM 250 and 305

Unit(s): 4
or CHEM-306310

Unit(s): 4

BIOL/
A continuation of the topics covered in Biochemistry I with special attention paid to the classic chemical reactions at work in biological systems. The intersection of biochemical principles with such applications as drug discovery and computational modeling will be emphasized as a mechanism for understanding the fundamental relationship between structure and function. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite BIOLCHEM-355 or 356

Unit(s): 3

Differential and integral calculus for the student who needs a working knowledge of the subject but does not plan to pursue more advanced study in mathematics. Includes theory and application of limits derivatives and integrals. Prerequisite MATH 120 or satisfactory performance on placement test Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and MATH 131

Unit(s): 3
    
-or-
Study of differential calculus of a single variable. Applications of the derivative are made to curve sketching max-min problems and linear approximation and IHopitals Rule. Also included are applications of the Intermediate Value Theorem and Mean Value Theorem. Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and 131. Prerequisites MATH 120 or satisfactory performance on placement test

Unit(s): 3

An algebra-based exploration of the concepts of motion forces energy waves heat electricity magnetism optics and modern physics. Three hours in class one hour in recitation and two hours in lab per week. Prerequisites MATH 120

Unit(s): 4

-or-
During the first term Kinematics Newtons laws of motion conservation laws rotational motion periodic motion and fluid mechanics. During the second term Thermodynamics electricity magnetism optics and modern physics. A combination of lectures and learning by inquiry are employed. Computers are used for data acquisition data analysis and mathematical modeling. Three hours in class one hour in recitation and two hours in lab per week. Prerequisite MATH 130 or 132 or concurrent enrollment in MATH 131 132 respectively.

Unit(s): 4

Students may not double major in biochemistry and biology, chemistry or applied chemistry.
Student may not major in biochemistry and minor in biology, physical chemistry or applied chemistry.

Chemistry Major

Consists of 53-54 credit hours including the following courses:

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometrystates of matter atomic and molecular structurechemical bonding periodicity energyrelationships and equilibria acid-basechemistry electrochemistry kineticssolubilitythermodynamics kinetic molecular theory ofgases and the systematic study of families ofelements. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hourlaboratory per week.Prerequisite MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118General Education natural and physicalsciencesCredit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and161

Unit(s): 4

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometrystates of matter atomic and molecular structurechemical bonding periodicity energyrelationships and equilibria acid-basechemistryelectrochemistry kinetics solubilitythermodynamics kinetic molecular theory ofgasesand the systematic study of families of elements.Three hours of lecture and one four-hourlab per week.Prerequisites CHEM 161 or permission of theinstructorGeneral Education natural and physicalsciencesCredit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and161

Unit(s): 4

Structure nomenclature reaction mechanismssynthesis and identification of organicmolecules. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hour lab per week.Prerequisite CHEM 162 or permissionof the instructorCredit cannot be earned for both CHEM250 and 305

Unit(s): 4

A continuation of organic chemistry startedin CHEM 305 including a study of theinterpretation of infrared spectroscopy protonand carbon NMR UV-visible spectroscopy and massspectrometry. The lab will be an introduction tochemical research that includes research methodsand techniques through a series of experiments.Prerequisite CHEM 305Credit may not be received for both 306 and310 or for both CHEM-308 and CHEM-310

Unit(s): 5

Physical properties electronic structure andreactivity of transition metal compounds. Threehours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week.Prerequisite CHEM 306 or 310Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Exposure to methods of quantitation signalto-noise enhancement instrumental design andfunction methods of spectroscopychromatographyelectroanalytical analysis and massspectrometry. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hour lab per week.Prerequisite CHEM 250 or 305Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Thermodynamics equilibrium chemical structuresand reaction rates as applied to biologicalsystems and macromolecules. Three of lecture perweek.Prerequisites CHEM 306 or 310 MATH 130 or 131or permission of instructorAlternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

Physical states of chemical systems-thermodynamics equilibria reactionrates electrochemistry and photochemistry- withlab examination of reactions in multicomponentsystems. Three hours of lecture and four hours oflab work per week.Prerequisites for CHEM 415 MATH 132 and PHYS222 or permission of instructor.Alternate years offered 2017-2018Credit may not be received for both CHEM 425 and427

Unit(s): 4

A year-long project in collaboration with a memberof the Chemistry faculty. One hour lecture and aminimum of eight hours of lab per week.Prerequisite Senior standing or permission of thedepartment (CHEM 451 is required for CHEM 452)

Unit(s): 2

A year-long project in collaboration with a memberof the Chemistry faculty. One hour lecture and aminimum of eight hours of lab per week.Prerequisite Senior standing or permission of thedepartment (CHEM 451 is required for CHEM 452)

Unit(s): 2

-or-
An Honors Project is one in which a studentresearches a subject by examination of relevantliterature or by experimentation or both thestudent reports the results in an accuratelydocumented and well-written paper or appropriaterepresentation of the work. Whenever the studydeals with the subject of an established coursethe student is expected to go well beyond theusual work of the course in research and inassimilation of the results as revealed in thereport. Juniors and seniors with a cumulativegrade point average of 3.40 or above may registerfor an Honors Project. One desiring to pursue anHonors Project must submit a written descriptionof his or her proposed work to the chair of theappropriate department and to the Vice Presidentand Dean for Academic Affairs by the first day ofthe semester in which the study is to beconducted. At the conclusion of the HonorsProject the supervising professor files with theRegistrar a grade for the student and adescription of the work accomplished and withtheLibrary Director a copy of the written paper orappropriate representation of the work. It isthestudents responsibility to provide the materialsfor the library in compliance with specificationsapproved by the Council on Education. TheLibraryDirector arranges for binding and storage.

Unit(s): 3

Study of differential calculus of a singlevariable. Applications of the derivative are madeto curve sketching max-min problems and linearapproximation and IHopitals Rule. Alsoincludedare applications of the Intermediate ValueTheoremand Mean Value Theorem. Credit may not bereceivedfor both MATH 130 and 131.Prerequisites MATH 120 or satisfactoryperformance on placement test

Unit(s): 3

Study of integral calculus of a single variable.Included are techniques of integration andnumerical methods of integration. Applications ofthe integral are made to computing area volumearc length and selected topics.Prerequisite MATH 131

Unit(s): 3

During the first term Kinematics Newtons lawsof motion conservation laws rotational motionperiodic motion and fluid mechanics. During thesecond term Thermodynamics electricitymagnetism optics and modern physics. Acombination of lectures and learning by inquiryare employed. Computers are used for dataacquisition data analysis and mathematicalmodeling. Three hours in class one hour inrecitation and two hours in lab per week.Prerequisite MATH 130 or 132 or concurrentenrollment in MATH 131 132 respectively.

Unit(s): 4

During the first term Kinematics Newtons lawsof motion conservation laws rotational motionperiodic motion and fluid mechanics. During thesecond term Thermodynamics electricitymagnetism optics and modern physics. Acombination of lectures and learning by inquiryare employed. Computers are used for dataacquisition data analysis and mathematicalmodeling. Three hours in class one hour inrecitation and two hours in lab per week.Prerequisite MATH 130 or 132 or concurrentenrollment in MATH 131 132 respectively. PHYS221 is prerequisite to PHYS 222.General Education Natural & Physical Science

Unit(s): 4

One additional CHEM course selected from the following:

This course is an introduction to quantum theoryand statistical mechanics with an emphasis ontheir application to spectroscopy andthermodynamic properties. Students will beintroduced to and perform relevant calculations. The results of these calculations will then beused to introduce and develop the theory behindvarious spectroscopic techniques as well asdevelop the relationships between statisticalmechanics and thermodynamic properties. Studentswill also gain hands-on experience working withseveral spectroscopic instruments.Prerequisites CHEM-162 and
Differential and integral calculus for thestudentwho needs a working knowledge of the subjectbut does not plan to pursue more advanced studyin mathematics. Includes theory and applicationof limits derivatives and integrals.Prerequisite MATH 120 or satisfactoryperformance on placement testCredit may not be received for both MATH 130 andMATH 131

Unit(s): 3
or
Study of integral calculus of a single variable.Included are techniques of integration andnumerical methods of integration. Applications ofthe integral are made to computing area volumearc length and selected topics.Prerequisite MATH 131

Unit(s): 3


Unit(s): 3

BIOL/
Introduction to the major biomolecular compoundclasses including carbohydrates proteinslipids and nucleic acids along with a survey ofenzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of keymetabolic pathways. Three lectures per week.Prerequisite CHEM-250 or CHEM-306310

Unit(s): 3

-or-
BIOL/
Introduction to the major biomolecular compoundclasses including carbohydrates proteinslipids and nucleic acids along with a survey ofenzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of keymetabolic pathways. Three lectures and one labper week.Prerequisite CHEM-250 or CHEM-306310

Unit(s): 4

Molecular orbital theory reaction kinetics andorganic name reactions. Three hours of lectureper week.Prerequisite CHEM 306 or 310Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

Designed to introduce students to the fundamentalprinciples and techniques of computationalchemistry. Approaches to be discussed includemolecular mechanics molecular dynamics anddensity functional theory among others.Discussion will focus on supporting notreplacing the work of traditional syntheticchemists and particular attention will be paidto the strengthslimitations of each techniquefor one or more specific purposes. Students willlearn to model molecular systems and tocritically analyze a potential energy surfaceidentifying local and global minima and thetransition states between them. The applicationof these tools in ligand design and drugdiscovery will be a key component.Prerequisites CHEM 306 or 310Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

Atomic structure and chemical bonding basedon applications of Schroedingers Equation tostructures of chemical interest. Three hours oflecture per week.Prerequisite CHEM 425 or 427 or permission ofthe instructorAlternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 3

CHEM/
A continuation of the topics covered inBiochemistry I with special attention paid tothe classic chemical reactions at work inbiological systems. The intersection ofbiochemical principles with such applications asdrug discovery and computational modeling will beemphasized as a mechanism for understanding thefundamental relationship between structure andfunction. Three lectures per week.Prerequisite BIOL
Introduction to the major biomolecular compoundclasses including carbohydrates proteinslipids and nucleic acids along with a survey ofenzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of keymetabolic pathways. Three lectures per week.Prerequisite CHEM-250 or CHEM-306310

Unit(s): 3
or 356

Unit(s): 3

Applied Chemistry Minor

Consists of 28-32 credit hours including the following courses:

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometrystates of matter atomic and molecular structurechemical bonding periodicity energyrelationships and equilibria acid-basechemistry electrochemistry kineticssolubilitythermodynamics kinetic molecular theory ofgases and the systematic study of families ofelements. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hourlaboratory per week.Prerequisite MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118General Education natural and physicalsciencesCredit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and161

Unit(s): 4

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometrystates of matter atomic and molecular structurechemical bonding periodicity energyrelationships and equilibria acid-basechemistryelectrochemistry kinetics solubilitythermodynamics kinetic molecular theory ofgasesand the systematic study of families of elements.Three hours of lecture and one four-hourlab per week.Prerequisites CHEM 161 or permission of theinstructorGeneral Education natural and physicalsciencesCredit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and161

Unit(s): 4

Structure nomenclature reaction mechanismssynthesis and identification of organicmolecules. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hour lab per week.Prerequisite CHEM 162 or permissionof the instructorCredit cannot be earned for both CHEM250 and 305

Unit(s): 4

Structure nomenclature reaction mechanismssynthesis and identification of organicmolecules. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hour lab per week.Prerequisite CHEM 305

Unit(s): 4

-or-
A continuation of organic chemistry startedin CHEM 305 including a study of theinterpretation of infrared spectroscopy protonand carbon NMR UV-visible spectroscopy and massspectrometry. The lab will be an introduction tochemical research that includes research methodsand techniques through a series of experiments.Prerequisite CHEM 305Credit may not be received for both 306 and310 or for both CHEM-308 and CHEM-310

Unit(s): 5

Differential and integral calculus for thestudentwho needs a working knowledge of the subjectbut does not plan to pursue more advanced studyin mathematics. Includes theory and applicationof limits derivatives and integrals.Prerequisite MATH 120 or satisfactoryperformance on placement testCredit may not be received for both MATH 130 andMATH 131

Unit(s): 3

-or-
Study of differential calculus of a singlevariable. Applications of the derivative are madeto curve sketching max-min problems and linearapproximation and IHopitals Rule. Alsoincludedare applications of the Intermediate ValueTheoremand Mean Value Theorem. Credit may not bereceivedfor both MATH 130 and 131.Prerequisites MATH 120 or satisfactoryperformance on placement test

Unit(s): 3

And three additional CHEM courses selected from the following:

The chemistry and quantitative aspects ofenvironmentally important cycles (C N O P S)in the context of the atmosphere hydrosphere andlithosphere. Major environmental issues arediscussed such as acid rain sewage treatmentozone destruction anthropogenic climate changeair pollution and eutrophication. Laboratoriesinvolve sampling quantitative detection and dataanalysis. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM-162

Unit(s): 4

This course is an introduction to quantum theoryand statistical mechanics with an emphasis ontheir application to spectroscopy andthermodynamic properties. Students will beintroduced to and perform relevant calculations. The results of these calculations will then beused to introduce and develop the theory behindvarious spectroscopic techniques as well asdevelop the relationships between statisticalmechanics and thermodynamic properties. Studentswill also gain hands-on experience working withseveral spectroscopic instruments.Prerequisites CHEM-162 and
Differential and integral calculus for thestudentwho needs a working knowledge of the subjectbut does not plan to pursue more advanced studyin mathematics. Includes theory and applicationof limits derivatives and integrals.Prerequisite MATH 120 or satisfactoryperformance on placement testCredit may not be received for both MATH 130 andMATH 131

Unit(s): 3
or
Study of integral calculus of a single variable.Included are techniques of integration andnumerical methods of integration. Applications ofthe integral are made to computing area volumearc length and selected topics.Prerequisite MATH 131

Unit(s): 3


Unit(s): 3

CHEM/
Introduction to the major biomolecular compoundclasses including carbohydrates proteinslipids and nucleic acids along with a survey ofenzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of keymetabolic pathways. Three lectures per week.Prerequisite
Overview of the functional groups and reactivityof organic molecules using biological examples.Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab perweek.Prerequisites CHEM 125 or 162Credit may not be received for both CHEM 250 and305

Unit(s): 4
or
Structure nomenclature reaction mechanismssynthesis and identification of organicmolecules. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hour lab per week.Prerequisite CHEM 305

Unit(s): 4
310

Unit(s): 3

-or-
BIOL/
Introduction to the major biomolecular compoundclasses including carbohydrates proteinslipids and nucleic acids along with a survey ofenzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of keymetabolic pathways. Three lectures and one labper week.Prerequisite CHEM-250 or CHEM-306310

Unit(s): 4

Molecular orbital theory reaction kinetics andorganic name reactions. Three hours of lectureper week.Prerequisite CHEM 306 or 310Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

Designed to introduce students to the fundamentalprinciples and techniques of computationalchemistry. Approaches to be discussed includemolecular mechanics molecular dynamics anddensity functional theory among others.Discussion will focus on supporting notreplacing the work of traditional syntheticchemists and particular attention will be paidto the strengthslimitations of each techniquefor one or more specific purposes. Students willlearn to model molecular systems and tocritically analyze a potential energy surfaceidentifying local and global minima and thetransition states between them. The applicationof these tools in ligand design and drugdiscovery will be a key component.Prerequisites CHEM 306 or 310Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

Physical properties electronic structure andreactivity of transition metal compounds. Threehours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week.Prerequisite CHEM 306 or 310Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Exposure to methods of quantitation signalto-noise enhancement instrumental design andfunction methods of spectroscopychromatographyelectroanalytical analysis and massspectrometry. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hour lab per week.Prerequisite CHEM 250 or 305Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Physical states of solution systems-thermodynamics equilibria reactionrates electrochemistry and photochemistry.Three hours of lecture per week.Prerequisites CHEM 415 MATH 132 and PHYS 222or permission of instructorAlternate years offered 2017-2018Credit may not be received for both CHEM 425 and427

Unit(s): 3

Physical states of chemical systems-thermodynamics equilibria reactionrates electrochemistry and photochemistry- withlab examination of reactions in multicomponentsystems. Three hours of lecture and four hours oflab work per week.Prerequisites for CHEM 415 MATH 132 and PHYS222 or permission of instructor.Alternate years offered 2017-2018Credit may not be received for both CHEM 425 and427

Unit(s): 4

Atomic structure and chemical bonding basedon applications of Schroedingers Equation tostructures of chemical interest. Three hours oflecture per week.Prerequisite CHEM 425 or 427 or permission ofthe instructorAlternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 3

CHEM/
A continuation of the topics covered inBiochemistry I with special attention paid tothe classic chemical reactions at work inbiological systems. The intersection ofbiochemical principles with such applications asdrug discovery and computational modeling will beemphasized as a mechanism for understanding thefundamental relationship between structure andfunction. Three lectures per week.Prerequisite BIOL
Introduction to the major biomolecular compoundclasses including carbohydrates proteinslipids and nucleic acids along with a survey ofenzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of keymetabolic pathways. Three lectures per week.Prerequisite CHEM-250 or CHEM-306310

Unit(s): 3
or 356

Unit(s): 3

Physical Chemistry Minor

Consists of 32 credit hours including the following courses:

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometrystates of matter atomic and molecular structurechemical bonding periodicity energyrelationships and equilibria acid-basechemistry electrochemistry kineticssolubilitythermodynamics kinetic molecular theory ofgases and the systematic study of families ofelements. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hourlaboratory per week.Prerequisite MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118General Education natural and physicalsciencesCredit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and161

Unit(s): 4

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometrystates of matter atomic and molecular structurechemical bonding periodicity energyrelationships and equilibria acid-basechemistryelectrochemistry kinetics solubilitythermodynamics kinetic molecular theory ofgasesand the systematic study of families of elements.Three hours of lecture and one four-hourlab per week.Prerequisites CHEM 161 or permission of theinstructorGeneral Education natural and physicalsciencesCredit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and161

Unit(s): 4

Structure nomenclature reaction mechanismssynthesis and identification of organicmolecules. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hour lab per week.Prerequisite CHEM 162 or permissionof the instructorCredit cannot be earned for both CHEM250 and 305

Unit(s): 4

Thermodynamics equilibrium chemical structuresand reaction rates as applied to biologicalsystems and macromolecules. Three of lecture perweek.Prerequisites CHEM 306 or 310 MATH 130 or 131or permission of instructorAlternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

Physical states of solution systems-thermodynamics equilibria reactionrates electrochemistry and photochemistry.Three hours of lecture per week.Prerequisites CHEM 415 MATH 132 and PHYS 222or permission of instructorAlternate years offered 2017-2018Credit may not be received for both CHEM 425 and427

Unit(s): 3

Study of differential calculus of a singlevariable. Applications of the derivative are madeto curve sketching max-min problems and linearapproximation and IHopitals Rule. Alsoincludedare applications of the Intermediate ValueTheoremand Mean Value Theorem. Credit may not bereceivedfor both MATH 130 and 131.Prerequisites MATH 120 or satisfactoryperformance on placement test

Unit(s): 3

Study of integral calculus of a single variable.Included are techniques of integration andnumerical methods of integration. Applications ofthe integral are made to computing area volumearc length and selected topics.Prerequisite MATH 131

Unit(s): 3

During the first term Kinematics Newtons lawsof motion conservation laws rotational motionperiodic motion and fluid mechanics. During thesecond term Thermodynamics electricitymagnetism optics and modern physics. Acombination of lectures and learning by inquiryare employed. Computers are used for dataacquisition data analysis and mathematicalmodeling. Three hours in class one hour inrecitation and two hours in lab per week.Prerequisite MATH 130 or 132 or concurrentenrollment in MATH 131 132 respectively.

Unit(s): 4

During the first term Kinematics Newtons lawsof motion conservation laws rotational motionperiodic motion and fluid mechanics. During thesecond term Thermodynamics electricitymagnetism optics and modern physics. Acombination of lectures and learning by inquiryare employed. Computers are used for dataacquisition data analysis and mathematicalmodeling. Three hours in class one hour inrecitation and two hours in lab per week.Prerequisite MATH 130 or 132 or concurrentenrollment in MATH 131 132 respectively. PHYS221 is prerequisite to PHYS 222.General Education Natural & Physical Science

Unit(s): 4

General Education Requirement

The following courses satisfy Bridgewater College's general education requirement for natural and physical sciences:

The history of the earth and its place in theuniverse geologic processes environmentalproblems and weather. Three hours of lecture andone two-hour lab per week. Field trips may betaken during lab.Corequisites MATH 110 MATH 115 OR MATH 118General Education natural and physical sciences

Unit(s): 4
(for students majoring in a non-science area)
Principles of chemistry including stoichiometrystates of matter atomic and molecular structurechemical bonding periodicity energyrelationships and equilibria acid-basechemistry electrochemistry kineticssolubilitythermodynamics kinetic molecular theory ofgases and the systematic study of families ofelements. Three hours of lecture and onefour-hourlaboratory per week.Prerequisite MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118General Education natural and physicalsciencesCredit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and161

Unit(s): 4
(for science majors)
This course is an overview of the history of theearth and its structure earth materials therockcycle internal processes (the tectonic cyclevolcanoes and earthquakes) external processes(the hydrologic cycle weathering and soils)and environmental concerns (groundwater surfacewater pollution and remediation) with fairlydetailed coverage of the processes.Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab perweek. Field trips may be taken during lab.Corequisites MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118General Education natural and physical sciences

Unit(s): 4
(for students majoring in a non-science area)

Chemistry Course Prerequisites

MATH 110 or MATH 118 is a prerequisite for CHEM 125.
MATH 110 is a prerequisite for any CHEM course numbered above 125.
MATH 130 or MATH 131 is a prerequisite for all CHEM courses numbered 350 or above.