Environmental Science Minor

Division of Natural Sciences

Minor in environmental science at Bridgewater College.

Consists of 32 credit hours including the following courses:

The following courses are required:

Introduction to the biological sciences covering biological chemistry celltissue structure and function genetics and microevolution. Intended for biology health and human sciences and environmental science majors. Three lectures and one lab per week. Corequisites
Real numbers exponents radicals and algebraic operations with polynomial and rational functions. Solving equations and graphing expressions involving polynomial and rational functions and exponential and logarithmic functions. Credit may not be received for both MATH 118 and 110. General education master core skill 2016 Summer Session I offered as an online course

Unit(s): 3
or
This course is designed to provide development of basic computational skills and introductory algebra concepts like solutions of single variable equations. It will also cover some introductory statistics and probability concepts. Problem solving will be emphasized. The course will contain at least one project that requires students to make extensive use of spreadsheet software like Excel. General Education Master Core Skill

Unit(s): 3
Biology and environmental science majors should take
Real numbers exponents radicals and algebraic operations with polynomial and rational functions. Solving equations and graphing expressions involving polynomial and rational functions and exponential and logarithmic functions. Credit may not be received for both MATH 118 and 110. General education master core skill 2016 Summer Session I offered as an online course

Unit(s): 3
. Other students should consult with their advisor about which course to take. General Education natural and physical sciences

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the biological sciences covering macroevolution (systematic taxonomy phylogenetics) ecology and biodiversity. Intended for biology and environmental science majors. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 110

Unit(s): 4

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite MATH 110 MATH 115 or MATH 118 General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry states of matter atomic and molecular structure chemical bonding periodicity energy relationships and equilibria acid-base chemistry electrochemistry kinetics solubility thermodynamics kinetic molecular theory of gases and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 161 or permission of the instructor General Education natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM 125 and 161

Unit(s): 4

ENVR/
Exploration of basic biological chemical geological and physical processes at work on the earth its lifeforms and its natural resources. The extent of human impact and the need for global awareness are emphasized along with the need for application of rapidly expanding knowledge and technology toward solution of environmental problems. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 110 and 111 or CHEM 161 and 162 or permission of instructor

Unit(s): 4

ENVR/
The chemistry and quantitative aspects of environmentally important cycles (C N O P S) in the context of the atmosphere hydrosphere and lithosphere. Major environmental issues will be discussed such as acid rain sewage treatment ozone destruction anthropogenic climate change air pollution and eutrophication. Laboratories will involve sampling quantitative detection and data analysis. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites CHEM 162 Credit may not be received for both CHEM-120 and ENVRCHEM-320

Unit(s): 4

And two elective courses chosen from the following:

Explores the anatomy physiology ecology and behaviors that have produced an extraordinary biodiversity of bird species. The major groups of modern birds are introduced and their origin and ecology are examined. Students learn to recognize local species in the field and examine them in the lab using the ornithology collections. Suitable for both biology majors and non-majors. Prerequisites BIOL 100 or 110 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

A comprehensive survey of mammals. Lectures will focus on phylogenetics the origin and evolution of mammals and their biology ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy species identification and common field techniques used to study mammals. Prerequisite BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

Survey of the vascular flora of the Shenandoah Valley and surrounding mountain areas. Field-based course that introduces students to the identification of plants in the field of their ecology. Plant collection and specimen preservation are also included. Prerequisites BIOL 111 2014 Summer Session I Begins 5-27-14

Unit(s): 4

Analysis of the distribution and abundance of organisms population growth and regulation and species interactions as well as community and ecosystem processes. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 111 and MATH 130 2016 Summer Session I Begins 5-23-16

Unit(s): 4

Field-based study of what effects winter temperatures have on local flora and fauna and how they cope during these cold months. The potential impact of global warming on these seasonally dependent systems is addressed. Students learn how to identify plants in their winter state and make observations of what animals are active. Prerequisites BIOL 111 Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 3

Broad survey of the diversity and classification of vascular plants. Students will learn to recognize common and important plant families as well as learn to identify local taxa. Traditional and modern methods of taxonomy and systematics are presented. Prerequisite BIOL 111 BIOL 430 recommended Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

Introduction to the theoretical framework and the methodology of animal behavior research. Students examine the causation development current function and evolutionary history of behavior of invertebrates and vertebrates. Integrates concepts and principles from multiple disciplines to understand behaviors such as foraging and predation mating systems communication parental care social hierarchies and territoriality. Students also review the history of the field of animal behavior and the contributions that animal behavior research can make to applied disciplines such as environmental conservation biomedical research and human psychology. Prerequisites Any one of the following BIOL 311 314 or 350 PSY 210 or permission of the instructor Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

This course will provide an overview of federal and state laws that are aimed at the conservation of natural resources andor protection of environmental quality. Major laws that will be covered include the National Environmental Protection Act Clean Air Act Clean Water Act the Endangered Species Act and others. Speakers from natural resourceenvironmental agencies such as the Va. Department of Environmental Quality Va. Department of Game and Inland Fisheries and U.S. Forest Service will provide practical insights into the application and implementation of environmental policy. Prerequisites BIOL 100 101 or 110 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 3

ENVR/
Ecology and management of forest lands and their animal populations including principles and policy in support of diverse goals such as preservation of wilderness management for harvest parks and recreation and habitat recovery. Effects of geology soils water and climate on habitat quality and management implications. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites PDP 150 or 350 ENG 110 and BIOL 111 or permission of instructor Alternate years offered 2016-2017 General education Writing Intensive

Unit(s): 4

ENVR/
Field-based course providing a broad overview of techniques and concepts involved in field biology (especially ecology) including basic scientific method and a variety of sampling techniques. Course content also has a strong emphasis on basic natural history as students learn about and experience a wide variety of organisms (e.g. plant fungi insects fish amphibians and mammals) ecosystems (e.g. forests grasslands wetlands ponds and streams) and ecological interactions. Students will also discuss techniques for interpretingteaching these biological concepts to others. Prerequisites BIOL 111 or permission of instructor 2016 Summer Session I Begins 5-23-16 Hybrid Online Course Meets on Campus June 13-17 2016

Unit(s): 4

ENVR/
Exploration of how microorganisms interact with their environment and the implications of these interactions for humans. Specific topics include antibiotic resistance biodegradation biodiversity biofuels bioremediation extreme environments geochemical cycles methods for sampling culture and analysis of environmental microorganisms microbiology of air water and soil environmental pathogens and microbiological treatment of sewage and water. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites BIOL 309 or ENVRCHEM 320 Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

ENVR/
Survey of the methods used by the public and private sectors to manage the environment and natural resources. Primary emphasis on restoration ecology and conservation biology. Other topics addressed include environmental engineering (e.g. green chemistry and design of pollution control devices) economic considerations in conservation (e.g. conservation land easements and ecotourism) and government regulation. The lab provides students with experience applying standard methods of monitoring biological resources. The lab also provides an opportunity for students to hear talks from environmental experts and to travel to local sites where management activities are occurring. Prerequisites BIOL 111 or permission of instructor Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

ENVR/
Survey of diversity of fish (with an emphasis on freshwater fish of North America). Topics include taxonomy anatomy physiology behavior and ecology. Special emphasis on management of fish populations and diversity in the face of environmental threats including pollution habitat alteration overharvest and invasive species. Lab includes basic ecology and behavior but focuses heavily on common fisheries techniques. Prerequisites BIOLENVR 301 or BIOL 350 or permission of instructor Alternate years offered 2016-2017

Unit(s): 4

ENVR/
Introduction to aquatic ecosystems (lakes ponds streams and wetlands). Students learn about the major chemical and physical processes that determine the function of freshwater systems. Students are introduced to the major groups of aquatic organisms (algae vascular plants invertebrates fish and amphibians). Strong emphasis on the impacts that humans have on freshwater systems. The lab introduces the basic skills necessary for the study and management of fresh waters. Prerequisites BIOLENVR 301 or BIOL 350 or permission of instructor Alternate years offered 2017-2018

Unit(s): 4

No electives may double count for a student's major and minor.

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Questions? Contact us!

Dr. Robyn Puffenbarger, Department Chair
540-828-5713
rpuffenb@bridgewater.edu